KV Baramulla Library

Icon

Library Media Centre

Types of Soil in India-Alluvial Soil and Black Soil



Types of Soil in India


The main categories of soils in India are: (i) Alluvial soils (ii) Black soils (iii) Red soils (iv) Laterite soils (v) Mountain and hill soils (vi) Terai soils (vii) Desert (or Arid) soil and (viii) Peat soils.

Alluvial soil and Black soil
Alluvial soil is that soil which is formed by deposition of silts brought down by the rivers. It is rich in hydrated oxides of iron and is very fertile. Black soil or the black cotton soil has a good water-holding capacity and is best suited for deep-rooted crops like cotton. The black soil in wet condition is compact and sticky.

The most extensive soil cover of India comprises alluvial soils.

Soil Erosion: The soils are usually six to twelve inches in depth. In course of time, the fertility level of the soil is depleted with the result that the soil no longer remains suitable for agriculture. Soil conservation is, therefore, necessary for continued agricultural

prosperity.

The agencies of erosion are winds, water and waves of which the water erosion is most common. Rain water removes soil from the surface of sloping lands. Winds remove top soil of lands.

Laterite soils are formed by the weathering of laterite rocks. These can be distinguished from other soils by their acidity. Laterite soils are generally poor on the higher levels and cannot retain moisture. In the plains, however, they consist of heavy loams and clay and can retain moisture.

Laterite soils occur in Madhya Pradesh, Assam and along the Eastern and Western Ghats. Tea plantation requires acidity which is there in the laterite soil. It is, therefore, common in these areas.

About these ads

Filed under: General Knowledge, Geography: general Knowledge, , , , , , , , , ,

You are the Visitor, Number

  • 381,107

RSS Quotes of the Day

Calendar

July 2010
M T W T F S S
« Jun   Sep »
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031  

Alert!!!

CBSE & NCERT Sample Q.papers, HOTS study materials, Question Banks Click the "Download:CBSE,NCERT Sample Papers,NCF" link in the category section below on this sidebar

RSS Tell ME Why-Facts

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS History On This Day

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Books News,Rviews and Authors Interviews

  • Indian comic creates female superhero to tackle rape
    Priya’s Shakti will tell story of ‘a new hero for modern India’ who fights with goddess Parvati’s help for education and respect for womenA new superhero has arisen in India in the wake of the brutal gang rape on a Delhi bus two years ago: Priya, a mortal woman who is raped herself, but who fights back against sexual violence with the help of the goddess Par […]
  • Amazon 'suppresses' book with too many hyphens
    Graeme Reynolds’s novel High Moor 2: Moonstruck was withdrawn when the site decided 100 hyphenated words in 90,000 ‘impacted the readability’ of the bookWhat is your favourite form of punctuation? Mine is the semicolon. It wouldn’t be my desert island choice – that’d have to be something more boringly prosaic, such as the full stop. But a nice semicolon, pro […]
  • Families in literature: Lily Bloom in How the Dead Live by Will Self
    Critics slammed Self’s blackly comic extravaganza about an angry matriarch stuck in the afterlife - but it’s one of the most piercing portraits of maternal love I have read• More Families in literatureChristmas 2001 is special for Lily Bloom, because it’s then that she is reunited with her youngest child. Since this is a Will Self novel, “Lithy” is no ordina […]
  • Frog by Mo Yan review – the Chinese Nobel laureate’s award-winning novel
    China’s brutal one-child policy is the backdrop for Mo Yan’s tale of village lifeIt was perhaps unhelpful for the novelist Mo Yan’s literary reputation that he won the 2012 Nobel prize for literature. He is the first Chinese Nobel laureate who is neither in exile nor in jail, and discussion of his merits defaulted to his relationship with the regime and the […]
  • Matchbox Theatre by Michael Frayn review – ‘This is a model of what we all do in life’
    Where does this exquisite book of playlets sit in relation to the playwright and novelist’s prestigious career?Mark Lawson: Are these mini-plays or short stories? A vague sense of impending farce accompanies every encounter with Michael Frayn. Like John Cleese, who played the accident-prone protagonist of the 1986 film Clockwise, the screenplay of which was […]

Periodicals Articles Alert

Bachhon ko Nishulk Aur Anivaarya Shiksha Ka adhikaar Adhiniyam 2009, Pratiyogita Darpan,May2010,P.1823-1825 ; E-Kachara Prabandhan: Ek Chunauti Aur Upaye, Pratiyogita Darpan,May2010,P.1832-1834; Vitamin Truths & lies,Reader Digest,May2010,P.52-56; Surface Area and Volume, Education Trend,May210,P.65 ; Metals and Non Metals, Education Trend,May210,P.77; The rise of Nationalism in Europe, Education Trend,May210,P.91; Linear Equations in two variables, Education Today,May2010,P.5-15,Federalism, Sectors of Indian Economy and Water Resources Education Today,May2010,P.16-29 ; Acids, Bases and Salts, Education Today,May2010,P.30; Prehistoric Creatures,Tell Me Why,May2010; Disappearing Herbs,Out Look,May24,2010,P.56

Periodicals Arrival in the Library

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 39 other followers

%d bloggers like this: