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World AIds Day


World Aid's Day ... Tuesday December 1

World Aid’s Day … Tuesday December 1

Started on 1st December 1988, World AIDS Day is about raising money, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education. The World AIDS Day theme for 2009 is ‘Universal Access and Human Rights’. World AIDS Day is important in reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that there are many things still to be done.

According to UNAIDS estimates, there are now 33.4 million people living with HIV, including 2.1 million children. During 2008 some 2.7 million people became newly infected with the virus and an estimated 2 million people died from AIDS.1 Around half of all people who become infected with HIV do so before they are 25 and are killed by AIDS before they are 35.2

The vast majority of people with HIV and AIDS live in lower- and middle-income countries. But HIV today is a threat to men, women and children on all continents around the world.

World AIDS Day theme: Universal Access and Human Rights

The theme for World AIDS Day 2009 is ‘Universal Access and Human Rights’. Global leaders have pledged to work towards universal access to HIV and AIDS treatment, prevention and care, recognising these as fundamental human rights. Valuable progress has been made in increasing access to HIV and AIDS services, yet greater commitment is needed around the world if the goal of universal access is to be achieved. Millions of people continue to be infected with HIV every year. In low- and middle-income countries, less than half of those in need of antiretroviral therapy are receiving it, and too many do not have access to adequate care services.3

The protection of human rights is fundamental to combating the global HIV and AIDS epidemic. Violations against human rights fuel the spread of HIV, putting marginalised groups, such as injecting drug users and sex workers, at a higher risk of HIV infection. By promoting individual human rights, new infections can be prevented and people who have HIV can live free from discrimination.

World AIDS Day provides an opportunity for all of us – individuals, communities and political leaders – to take action and ensure that human rights are protected and global targets for HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care are met.

What can I do? – Play AVERT’s games

Think you know your stuff for World AIDS Day? Are you sure?

The AVERT AIDS Game is a great way to see how much you know about HIV and AIDS. We also have fun games to test your knowledge on sex, pregnancy and condoms. To succeed you’ll need skill, quick thinking and a good grasp of the facts. The more you play, the more you will learn. You can then use this knowledge to educate your friends and family.

If you’re lucky, you might even make it onto the HI-scores table. Why not send the link to some friends and compete to see who can do best?

Play the AVERT games now and see how much you know.

The avert.org website is packed with resources for learning about HIV and AIDS. As starting points, try our sections on HIV transmission, statistics and AIDS around the world.

What can I do? – Raise money for AVERT

Assessing the circumstances of an AIDS orphan in rural KwaZulu NatalAssessing the needs of an AIDS orphan in South Africa

AVERT has AIDS projects in the parts of the world most severely affected by HIV and AIDS. Many of the people affected by HIV/AIDS in these areas are also dealing with other challenges such as extreme poverty, stigma and lack of healthcare. Our work tackles a range of issues such as education, treatment and care. The projects also aim to help the children orphaned or otherwise affected by HIV and AIDS.

There are LOADS of different ways you can support our projects by fundraising for AVERT. Here are just a few ideas:

  • Sponsored events – Walking, running, sponsored silence, reading or, if you fancy something more high octane, how about a sky dive or a bungee jump?
  • Organise an event – Office fun day, jumble sale, cake sale, coffee morning, football tournament, concert, poetry night or dance.
  • Other ideas – Kick a bad habit (e.g. smoking), give up something you love for a month (e.g. TV, chocolate or alcohol!), shave your head, organise a car wash, pub quiz, or auction of people’s time and skills.

These are just a few suggestions but you can let your imagination run wild to think of other ideas!

To read more information on raising money for AVERT, find sponsorship forms or make a donation, please go to our fundraising page. You can also see how your money will help by looking at our international projects page.

What can I do? – Wear a red ribbon and raise awareness

A red AIDS awareness ribbon

The red ribbon is an international symbol of AIDS awareness that is worn by people all year round and particularly around World AIDS Day to demonstrate care and concern about HIV and AIDS, and to remind others of the need for their support and commitment.

The red ribbon started as a “grass roots” effort; as a result there is no one official AIDS ribbon manufacturer, and many people make their own. It’s easily done – just use some ordinary red ribbon and a safety pin!

If you want to take your awareness raising a step further then try finding a local event to take part in. Around the world there are hundreds of activities taking place to mark World AIDS Day, including candlelight vigils, art shows, marches and religious services. If you can’t find anything in your area then why not organise an event yourself?

To learn more about what is happening around the world, or to list any events that you may be holding locally this World AIDS Day, please visit the WAC’s events calendar.

What is HIV?

HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system – the body’s defence against diseases.

Are HIV and AIDS the same?

No. When someone is described as living with HIV, they have the HIV virus in their body. A person is considered to have developed AIDS when the immune system is so weak it can no longer fight off a range of diseases with which it would normally cope.

How is HIV passed on?

HIV can be passed on through infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids or breast milk.

The most common ways HIV is passed on are:

  • Sex without a condom with someone living with HIV
  • Sharing infected needles, syringes or other injecting drug equipment
  • From an HIV-positive mother (to her child) during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding (but with effective treatment and care the risk of transmission can be greatly reduced)

I don’t know anyone with HIV… do I?

Today there are more people than ever before living with HIV in the UK, but less people report knowing someone with HIV.  People with HIV generally look healthy and many do not find it easy to tell other people, so you may not realise if someone you know if HIV positive.  To learn more about the different groups of people affected by HIV view the statistics.

Is there a cure for HIV?

No, but treatment can keep the virus under control and the immune system healthy. People on HIV treatment can live a healthy, active life, although they may experience side effects from the treatment. If HIV is diagnosed late, treatment may be less effective.

How can I protect myself and others from HIV infection?

Always use a condom when having vaginal or anal sex. You also may want to use a condom or dental dam during oral sex although the risk of transmission of HIV is much lower. You can get free condoms from a sexual health clinic, which you can locate at via the fpa website. Never share needles, syringes or any other injecting equipment.

What’s it like living with HIV?

To read and hear stories from people living with HIV in the UK. Visit HIV Reality

There are lots more facts about HIV on the NAT website.

HIV: The facts

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It attacks the body’s immune system, lowering someone’s natural defences to illness.

The virus is transmitted through unprotected sex or sharing needles. It cannot be caught by kissing or sharing a glass or knife and fork.

Three symptoms occurring together – fever, rash and a severe sore throat – should always be considered a potential symptom of HIV infection.

HIV can lead to Aids (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). This more serious illness cripples the immune system.

But if someone with HIV is diagnosed early and starts treatment, they will not go on to develop Aids.

Thirty million people are infected with HIV across the globe.

For more information go to nat.org.uk or worldaidsday.org, or call the Sexual Health Helpline on 0800 567 123 (free from landlines).

Filed under: Important Days,

3,500 students to participate in Children’s Science Congress

3,500 students to participate in Children's Science Congress
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Thiruvananthapuram: With the aim of ‘catching them young’, the Kerala Government will invite around 3,500 school students to attend the Children’s Science Congress (CSC) here in January and listen to eminent scientists speak.


The Children’s Science Congress will be held alongside the 97th edition of the Indian Science Congress (ISC). The ISC is being hosted by the Indian Space Research Organisation and the University of Kerala. The state government has sanctioned Rs.3.50 crore for the event.

State Education Minister M.A. Baby told sources: “This time we have decided to have more than 3,000 students from various schools in the state for the CSC. This is part of the Inculcate Programme that the Kerala government has launched to inculcate fresh ideas of science into young minds at an early age,” said Baby.

The event will be inaugurated by former president A.P.J. Abdul Kalam on January 4 and continue till January 7.

University of Kerala Vice-Chancellor A. Jayakrishnan said it was unfortunate that the number of students in the country enrolling to study science has fallen to the same level as in Africa.

Former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) G. Madhavan Nair told reporters here that the success of Chandrayaan-I, India’s maiden moon mission, has triggered interest in the minds of the young.

‘Not long ago when children were asked what their ambition was, there were no takers to become space scientists, but after Chandrayaan, things have changed. There is now a huge number who have decided to opt for science,’ said Nair.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will inaugurate the 97th edition of the ISC on January 3.

R. Neeta, convenor of the CSC, told sources: “These young minds will be allowed to interact with eminent scientists, besides making their own presentations. Then they would be taken for field visits to the Space Museum and also witness a rocket launch.”

Filed under: Educational News, ,

Swimming is an act that requires much energy. A fish swims all the while without rest. How does it manage to do so?

Swimming fish




Swimming is an act that requires much energy. A fish swims all the while without rest. How does it manage to do so?


G. VENKATARAMAN Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu

True. Swimming is an act that requires a lot of energy and that is why obese people are advised to swim besides regular exercises. But it is not true that a fish swims all the while without rest. In fact, it does not swim vigorously unless alerted. It mostly rests in suspension or moves occasionally but quietly. Such acts do not demand much energy.

Energy is needed in an act, according to laws of physics, only when such an act performs a finite amount of work and work is said to have been accomplished only when a body is displaced against some opposing force. A body under equilibrium or in a state of suspension hardly does any work or any work is done upon.

A normal fish has a unique anatomy that includes a gas bladder or swim bladder which offers an ability to the fish to control its buoyancy. The fish is, thus, able to stay in suspension at any desired depth and ascend or descend in quite pond water without having to spend much energy in such acts. The only energy it needs in such controls is just to inflate or deflate the gas bladder to the desired density (buoyancy).

The wedge-like shape of the fish balances it from gravitational pull while the mild jet power of the gills and the paddling power of the pelvic and pectoral fins help it make the gentle forward movement. The smoothness of the scales gives minimal friction with water matrix. The dorsal, fat and anal fins balance its body from toppling when the caudal fin negotiates steering.

Only when the fish is in fast flowing water and when it does not want to be carried along the flow or when it is hunted by its predator, does it need to do a real swimming (that needs to hold its own body relative to the frictional force of the flow) and to spend some energy. It must have that much energy lest it should be swept away along the currents. For all these acts, the energy needed is not astounding to fish’ capability.


Filed under: Scientific facts,

Young World Quiz (November 24, 2009)

Young World Quiz (November 24, 2009)







Photo : Shirish Shete and K. Pichumani

Who is older? Sachin Tendulkar or Muttiah Muralithaaran.


1. Which country has 11 time zones?

2. If a gorilla is a type of primate, then what sort of an animal is a zorilla?

3. Who is the present First Lord of the Treasury in the UK?


4. Who is older: Sachin Tendulkar or Muttiah Muralitharan?

5. Which bird do Chinese fishermen use to help catch fish for them?

6. Name the two U.S. space shuttles to have been destroyed in an accident.

Photo : Reuters

A pumpkin slice : Any time is snack time.


7. Which body of water is referred to as the ‘The Ditch’?

8. What was the nationality of the great chemist Friedrich August Kekulé?

9. In the Kelvin scale, what is the freezing point of water?

10. In the fairy tale ‘The princess and the pea’, on a bed of how many mattresses and featherbeds did the princess sleep?

11. Where in the human body is the pectoral muscle?

From the movie : Lawrence of Arabia .


12. According to the Bible, on what day did God command the land to bring forth living creatures?

13. What was Lawrence of Arabia doing when he died?

14. In order, which is the first alphabet in (the English version of) Scrabble to be worth four points?

15. The ‘Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre’ are commonly called…?

Answer to Young World Quiz (November 24, 2009)




1. Russia
2. A type of polecat and a member of the weasel family
3. The Prime Minister Gordon Brown
4. Muttiah Muralitharan
5. Cormorant
6. Columbia and Challenger
7. Tasman Sea
8. German
9. 273.15
10. 20 mattresses and 20 featherbeds
11. Chest
12. Sixth
13. Riding a motorcycle
14. F
15. Tony Awards.

Filed under: Young Word Quiz With Answer, , ,

UPSC announces written result of NDA, Naval Academy exam

New Delhi: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has announced the result of the written part of the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (II), held in August 2009.

According to a UPSC official, the selected candidates will be interviewed by the Services Selection Board of the Ministry of Defence for admission to Army, Navy and Air Force Wings of the National Defence Academy for the 124th Course and Naval Academy 10+2 (Executive Branch) for 44th Course commencing from June 30, 2010.

“In accordance with the conditions of their admission to the examination, the candidates are required to submit original certificates of age and educational qualification to the Additional Director General of Recruiting, Adjutant General’s Branch, Integrated Headquarters, Ministry of Defence (Army), West Block No.III, Wing -1, R.K. Puram, New Delhi 110066,” the official added.

The candidature of all the candidates stands provisional and they must not send their original certificates to the Commission.

For any further information, the candidates can contact the Facilitation Counter of the Commission, either in person or on Telephone Nos. 011-23385271 / 011-23381125/ 011-23098543 during office hours.

The mark-sheets of the candidates, who have not qualified, shall be available on the Commission’s website after thirty days from the date of publication of the result.

The candidates desirous of obtaining the printed/hard copy of the mark-sheet should make request within thirty days of the display of the marks on the Commission’s website, beyond which no such request would be entertained.

Filed under: Educational News, , ,

Asthma worsens H1N1 flu



Children with asthma are more likely to develop severe cases of H1N1 flu than seasonal flu.

It is well established that anyone with asthma has a higher risk for flu-related complications, such as pneumonia. However, limited data is available on asthma prevalence among children who have required hospital admission due to H1N1 flu.

To look into this association, researchers compared medical data on 58 children admitted to the a Toronto hospital with H1N1 flu, from between May 8 toand July 22 this year and data on 200 children who were admitted for seasonal flu from 2004 to 2009.

It was found that of the children treated for H1N1 flu, 22 percent had asthma, but just 6 percent of those treated for seasonal flu had asthma. Also, almost half of the children admitted to the intensive care unit to be treated for treatment of H1N1 flu had asthma.

The prevalence of asthma emerged as the most striking difference between the two groups of children. Children with H1N1 flu were older. But children with both kinds of flu spent about the same amount of time in the hospital: four days. None of the children with H1N1 flu died; though one child with seasonal flu died. The prevalence of asthma emerged as the most striking difference between the two groups of children.

Filed under: Health, ,

All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) 2010

AIEEE 2010

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has invited applications for the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) 2010 to be held on April 25, 2010 for admission to BE/B.Tech./B.Arch./ B.planning courses conducted at several institutions including National Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Information Technology and Deemed Universities. In Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam and Kozhikode will be the test centres.

Entrance test consist of two papers. The first paper consists of three parts-physics, chemistry and mathematics-of equal weightage with objective type questions for BE/B.Tech. courses. The second paper consists of mathematics, aptitude test and drawing for B.Arch. and B.planning. The aptitude test is designed to evaluate candidate’s perception, imagination, observation, creativity and architectural awareness (of candidates). There will be negative marks for wrong answers.

For each inncorrect response, one-fourth of the total marks scored would be deducted. The entrance examination will start from 9.30 a.m. on April 25, 2010. Both the papers will of three-hour duration. The second paper will start from 2 p.m. the same day. Students can take three consecutive chances, one every year, to appear for this entrance examination. On the basis of performance in entrance test, separate rank lists will be prepared for BE/ B.Tech and B.Arch / B.Planning. Score card indicating All India rank and State rank with total marks and marks in each subject will be sent to all candidates appearing for AIEEE–2010.


Those who have passed Plus Two or equivalent examinations with physics, chemistry, mathematics are eligible to apply. Three-year engineering diploma holders may also apply. Those appearing for the final-year qualifying examination in 2010 may also apply. There is no mark restriction in Plus Two for BE/B.Tech. courses.

For admission to BE/ B.Tech. courses the applicant should have studied physics and mathematics and any one of chemistry/biotechnology/ computer science/biology. For admission to B.Arch / B.Planning, applicants should have studied mathematics and should have at least 50 per cent marks in aggregate in the Plus Two/equivalent examination. Applicants should have been born on or after October 1, 1985. In the case of SC/ST and physically-challenged, should have (been) born on or after October 1, 1980.

How to apply

Application can be submitted either online or in the prescribed application form. Online application facilities are provided through the website http://www.aieee.nic.in up to December 31. Payment of fee can be made either by credit card or by a demand draft from any scheduled commercial bank. Candidates applying online should keep a photocopy of confirmation wtih registration number and a copy of mode of remittance of examination fee.

Printed application forms and information bulletin for the entrance test can be obtained from designated branches of Syndicate Bank between December 1 and December 31 on payment of Rs.450.

Those who desire to appear for both BE/ B.Tech and B.Arch / B.Planning examinations should send their filled in applications along with (the) additional fee in the form of a demand draft of Rs. 300 drawn in favour of Secretary, CBSE, payable at New Delhi. Candidates opting for examination centres in foreign countries should pay an additional fee of Rs. 550.

In Kerala, the Syndicate Bank branches at Thiruvananthapuram (Statue Junction); Kottayam (Baker Junction), Ernakulam (Shanmugham Road); Thrissur (Palace Road); Kozhikode (Cherooty Road) will distribute application forms and information bulletins for the AIEEE-2010 from December 1 onwards. A processing charges of Rs.5 will have to be paid in addition to the cost of application forms.

To obtain information bulletin containing application form by post, candidates should send their request to the Assistant Secretary (AIEEE), Central Board of Secondary Education, PS1-2, Institutional Area, IP Extension, Patparganj, New Delhi – 110092 along with a bank draft of Rs. 500 (Rs. 275 for SC / ST ) in favour of the Secretary, CBSE, payable at New Delhi and a self-addressed envelope (12”x 10”). For more details visit http://www.aieee.nic.in.

JEST 2010

Online applications are invited from students with good academic record for Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST– 2010) for enrolment to Ph.D. programme in physics (including various inter-disciplinary research areas), theoretical computer science at any of the participating institutions including Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Nainital; Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai; Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai; Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad; Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam; Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore; Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore; Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali and Pune; Indian Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai; Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore; National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, TIFR Pune; National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar; Raman Research Institute , Bangalore; Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, and Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata. Apply online through http://jest2010.aries.res.in on or before December 14. For eligibility criteria and other details visit http://jest2010.aries.res.in or contact Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital, 263129 .




Filed under: Forthcomming Exam, , ,

UGC website

UGC website


Now, students and members of the general public who wish to seek information regarding quality of education offered by various educational institutions, being inspected by the UGC, can do so by logging into the website of the UGC, http://www.ugc.ac.in.

According to an order passed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development recently, UGC has been directed to place the reports of its Expert committees, entrusted with the duty to inspect any university or any institution, in the public domain.

Filed under: Educational News, ,

Vitamin D is ‘nature’s antibiotic’


Vitamin D is being appreciated as “nature’s antibiotic” as a string of recent discoveries about the multiple health benefits of this nutrient

Vitamin D is ‘nature's antibiotic’

Vitamin D is ‘nature’s antibiotic’(Getty Images)

for overall health.

But it is also one of those most likely to be deficient – especially during winter when production of the “sunshine vitamin” almost grinds to a halt for people.

Analogs of the vitamin are even being considered for use as new therapies against tuberculosis, AIDS, and other concerns.

And federal experts are considering an increase in the recommended daily intake of the vitamin as more evidence of its value emerges, especially for the elderly.

“About 70 percent of the population of the United States has insufficient levels of vitamin D. This is a critical issue as we learn more about the many roles it may play in fighting infection, balancing your immune response, helping to address autoimmune problems, and even preventing heart disease,” said Adrian Gombart, a principal investigator with the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University.

Among other findings about benefits of Vitamin D is the ones made by OSU scientists that it induces the “expression” of cathelicidin, an antimicrobial peptide gene.

This explains in part how it helps serve as the first line of defense in your immune response against minor wounds, cuts, and both bacterial and viral infections.

Experts believe advances in the use of cathelicidin may form the basis for new therapies.

“Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency is a world-wide, public health problem in both developed and developing nations. Nearly one billion people world-wide are deficient,” the new report concluded.

The new report found that low levels of circulating vitamin D are associated with increased risk and mortality from cancer.

Vitamin D plays an important role in activating the immune system, fostering the “innate” immune response and controlling over-reaction of adaptive immunity, and as such may help control autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis.

The regulation of cathelicidin by vitamin D, a unique biological pathway for the function of vitamin D that could help explain its multiple roles in proper immune function, is so important that it’s only known to exist in two groups of animals – humans and non-human primates – and has been conserved in them through millions of years of evolution.

Epidemiological studies show a link between vitamin D deficiency and increased rates of respiratory infection and influenza, and it has been hypothesized that flu epidemics may be the result of vitamin D deficiency.

Higher levels of a protein linked to vitamin D have been associated with reduced infections and longer survival of dialysis patients.

Vitamin D has important roles in reducing inflammation, blood pressure and helping to protect against heart disease.

The study has been published in Future Microbiology, a professional journal.

Filed under: Health, ,

Ragging is crime against humanity- President

Panaji: President Pratibha Patil, who was awarded a degree of doctor of letters (D.Lit) at the 22nd annual convocation ceremony of Goa University on Tuesday, exhorted students to desist from ragging, calling it a “crime against humanity”.

“Ragging in all our universities and educational institutions must stop. It is a crime against humanity and a shameful behaviour. Education must develop cultured attitude and social awareness, otherwise it is unrelated to life and its environment,” Patil said.

The president also asked students not to rush for ‘popular’ subjects like commerce and management and asked them to study equally important basic science subjects at the university level and focus on research and innovation.

“With 54 crore youth, India has one of the largest young populations of the world. We have a responsibility to ensure that they receive proper education,” she said.

Patil urged the youth to stay away from drugs. “Drug addiction is becoming an increasing threat for our youth. It is said that first you consume the drug then the drug consumes you. I hope awareness about its ill-effects would also be taken up by the platform.”

She also urged universities to assess the requirements of the job market well in advance and structure courses in a manner that will help theirstudents enter the employment market, prepared for jobs available.

“In India the problem is more of employability than of employment, which means that the skills that people have are not appropriate for securing employment,” she said.

Earlier, Goa Governor S.S. Sidhu, also chancellor of university, conferred the doctorate on Patil for her contribution towards the upliftment of society and special attention to deprived section of society.

Thirty-two students from different faculties were awarded PhD degrees and 376 postgraduate students received their master’s degrees on the occasion. IANS

Filed under: Awards, Educational News, ,


This Page is dedicated to post the latest Employment News as published in the Employment News.


Employment News issue dated 21.11.09 contains several attractive advertisements from some of the leading PSU/GOVT. Departments as below:-

  1. HPCL Biofuels Limited requires Stenographers, Area Cane Supervisor, Cane Managers, Clerks etc.
  • Employees State Corporation, Delhi requires Clerks.
  • Baroda Uttar Pradesh Gramin Bank requires Clerk-cum-Cashiers (Office Assistants).
  • South Western Railway and West Central Railway invite applications for Group ‘C’ posts against Sports Quota.
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology offers admission to various Bachelor and Master Programmes.
  • Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences, Delhi invites applications for appointment of various faculty and other posts.
  • Mormugao Port Trust requires Staff Nurse, Hospital Attendant etc.
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Bangalore requires Engineer Supervisors.
  • Mahanadi Coalfields Limited requires Para-Medical Staff.
  • Pondicherry University invites applications for Administrative positions.
  • ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network, Bangalore requires Technical Assistant, Scientific Assistants etc.
  • Railway Recruitment Board, Bhopal declares the result of written examination held on 08.03.09.
  • National Institute of Agricultural Marketing offers admission to Post Graduate Diploma in Agri-Business Management (PGDABM-2010-12).
  • National Human Rights Commission invites applications for the posts of Sr. Accounts Officer, Section Officer, Accountant etc.
  • National Power Training Institute (ER) offers admission to Post Diploma in Thermal Power Plant Engineering (2010-11).
  • Railway Recruitment Board, Allahabad declares the result of written examination held on 23.08.09 for the post of Jr. Clerk.
  • MSME-Tool Rom, Hyderabad, Central Institute of Tool Design offers admission to various Technical courses.Employment News issue dated 21.11.2009 contains advertisement for job vacancies of more than 97 Govt. Departments.
  • Filed under: Employments News: Updates, ,

    Controversy over Himalayan glaciers hots up

    Controversy over Himalayan glaciers hots up




    Water scarcity, which could affect more than a billion people, is the most serious threat that Asia faces from climate change

    — Photo: AFP

    Himalayan crisis: The Himalayan glaciers are receding faster than those in any other part of the world.


    An official discussion paper on the status of Himalayan glaciers is coming under fire. The paper, issued recently by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, argued that the glaciers, which nourish several great rivers such as the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra, have not retreated abnormally. It also questioned the link between climate change and the glaciers’ decline.

    Releasing the paper, the Union Minister of State for Environment and Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh, remarked that there was no conclusive evidence to show that global warming was responsible for the glacial retreat.

    Contradictory views


    Such views completely contradict the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the Nobel-Prize-winning international body of scientists that weighs up the scientific evidence. Two years back, the IPCC released its comprehensive Fourth Assessment Report on Climate Change.

    The report pointed out that glaciers and ice caps provided the most visible indications of the effects of climate change. The Himalayan glaciers were receding faster than in any other part of the world.

    If these glaciers continued to recede at the present rate, there was a very high risk of their disappearing by the year 2035, perhaps sooner, if the earth kept warming at the current rate.

    Biggest threat


    It warned that water scarcity, which could affect more than a billion people, was the most serious threat that Asia faced from climate change.

    The Ministry’s riposte has been prepared by V.K. Raina, a retired Deputy Director-General of the Geological Survey of India. In the discussion paper, he agreed that glaciers in the Himalayas, barring a few exceptions, have been in constant retreat since observations started in the mid-Nineteenth Century. Moreover, studies showed all glaciers under observation to have lost mass during the last three decades of the last century.

    However, “Himalayan glaciers, although shrinking in volume and constantly showing a retreating front, have not in any way exhibited, especially in recent years, an abnormal annual retreat of the order that some glaciers in Alaska and Greenland are reported [to have shown].” It would be premature to state that these glaciers were retreating abnormally because of global warming.

    Glacier movements are primarily due to climate and snowfall. But then Mr. Raina goes on to state that movements of the ’snout’, the visible end of a glacier, “appear to be peculiar to each particular glacier.” The Gangotri glacier, which fed the Ganges River, was practically at a standstill for the last two years.

    Rajendra Pachauri, chairman of the IPCC, has criticised both the discussion paper and the Minister. He did not understand why the Minister was supporting such unsubstantiated research, he told the Guardian newspaper.

    The discussion paper was unscientific and biased, said Syed Iqbal Hasnain, a leading glaciologist who is currently with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi. It had ignored scientific papers published in peer-reviewed journals after the 1980s when the impact of long-lived greenhouse gases became more visible. These papers clearly showed that warming of the climate was leading to the Himalayan glaciers melting at an exceptionally high rate, he said in an email.

    The discussion paper had been sent to him a month back by the Minister’s office for review and he had responded with detailed comments. He had also provided the Minister with all recent papers published by Indians in peer-reviewed journals on the subject. But the paper had been unfortunately been released without any change.

    Short-lived pollutants


    Himalayan glaciers were not only affected by long-lived greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide but also by short-lived pollutants like black carbon, methane and atmospheric ozone, according to Prof. Hasnain.

    In the eastern part of the Himalayas, the excessive melting of glaciers had led to lakes being formed in Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan, remarked Shresth Tayal, another glaciologist at TERI.

    Just recently, the prestigious science journal Nature carried a report on how the mountain kingdom of Bhutan was trying to drain such glacial lakes. Otherwise these lakes might burst their embankment and flood neighbouring areas.

    In a paper that appeared in the journal Current Science in 2001, geologists from the HNB Garhwal University in Uttarakhand pointed out that the Gangotri glacier had retreated by two kilometres in the past 200 years. Over 40 per cent of that retreat had occurred in just the last 25 years.

    Satellite images


    A group led by scientists at the Indian space agency’s Space Applications Centre in Ahmedabad used satellite images to study 466 glaciers in the Chenab, Parbati and Baspa basins.

    They found that the glaciers had shrunk by 21 per cent since 1962. The glaciers had also become more fragmented, which was likely to profoundly influence their sustainability, said Anil Kulkarni and others in a 2007 paper.

    In recently published research, the space scientists used a model to study how loss of glaciers could affect water flow in a tributary of the Sutlej River.

    They estimated that a one degree Celsius rise in temperature by 2040 would more than halve the area occupied by the glaciers that fed the tributary. The runoff in the tributary could therefore come down by between eight per cent and 28 per cent, depending on the season.

    Filed under: Climate/Environment, , ,

    UP varsity announces scholarships worth Rs.216 lakhs

    UP varsity announces scholarships worth Rs.216 lakhs
    Lucknow: The meritorious students of Gautam Buddha University (GBU) and those belonging to Below Poverty Line (BPL) families have a reason to cheer as the Uttar Pradesh Government has recently released Rs.216 lakhs as scholarships to make higher education accessible to all.The initiative is being launched in collaboration between the University and the International Business Academy, Denmark, where an official press release said that the amount has been allocated to fund the education of such students.

    The eligibility of the students for the scholarship programme would be based on the marks obtained in the first year.

    The university would further ensure that the students should fulfill the requirements of foreign universities and qualify language-related exams if required, the release said.

    Filed under: Scholarships, ,

    AMU scientist delivers lecture on Climate Change and Health

    AMU scientist delivers lecture on Climate Change and Health
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    Aligarh: “Climate change currently contributes heavily to the global burden of disease and premature deaths and there shall be an increase in the frequency of cardio-respiratory diseases due to increases in ground level ozone related toclimate change,” said CSIR Emeritus Scientist Prof. Rais Akhtar during a lecture on “Climate Change and Health” at the Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, JNMC, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU).

    Prof. Rais Akhtar further said that the adaptive capacity needs to be improved everywhere as the impact of hurricanes and heat waves show that even high income countries are not well prepared to cope with extreme weather events.

    The climate change has altered the distribution of some infectious disease vectors.

    It has also increased the dangers of heat wave related deaths, increased malnutrition and consequent disorders, change in the range of infectious disease vectors and the burden of diarrheal diseases.

    “Adverse health impacts of such changes will be greatest in low-income countries,” he added.

    Those at greater risk include in all countries (urban poor, the elderly and children, traditional societies, subsistence farmers and coastal population). He said that the manner in which economic growth occurs and the growth benefits are distributed would be very important in shaping the health of populations such as education, health care and public health infrastructure.

    Prof. Khalid Sherwani, while introducing the guest speaker said that Prof. Rais Akhtar, currently Emeritus Scientist CSIP, Geography, Centre for the Study of Regional Development, JNU, New Delhi has also taught at JNU, the University of Zambia, Lusaka and University of Kashmir, Srinagar.

    Prof. Akhtar has received several highly prestigious awards including Liverhulme Fellowship (University of Liverpool), Henry Chapman Fellowship (University of London), Visiting Fellowship, University of Sussex, Commonwealth Secretariat Fellow, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London, Visiting Professor, University of Paris.

    Prof. Sherwani said that, “A number of highly acclaimed research papers of Prof. Rais Akhtar have been published in international journals of high repute and has already delivered a number of lectures around the world.”

    Prof. S. Abrar Hasan, Dean Faculty of Medicine, Prof. A. A. Iraqi, Dr. Mohammad Zahid, Prof. M. Amanullah Khan, Prof. Imran Ghani, Prof. H. S. Khan, Prof. Rana Sherwani, Dr. Mazhar Abbas, Dr. Nayyar Asif, Dr. M. Aslam and a number of senior and junior residents, attended the lecture.

    Filed under: Climate/Environment, , , ,

    First women navigators commissioned in Indian Navy

    First women navigators commissioned in Indian Navy
    Kochi: Another glass ceiling was broken on Friday as two women were commissioned into the Indian Navy as navigators in the flying branch, in a way also becoming the first women combatants in the armed forces.


    Sub Lieutenants Ambica Hooda of Haryana and Seema Rani Sharma of Uttar Pradesh were awarded their “Wing” at the passing out parade here.

    “Hooda was adjudged the best trainee in flying of the first Short Service Commission Observer Course. All the graduated officers would now join different squadrons of the navy, where, they would fly Maritime Patrol Aircraft and helicopter”, Indian Navy spokesperson Commander Roy Francis told sources.

    In the navy, the job of a navigator is also that of a combatant as, unlike in the air force, all its fixed wing aircraft can be used for combat purposes. Its maritime patrol aircraft are also capable of firing.

    “This is the first time women are being commissioned as navigators in the Indian Navy. It is a proud moment as both of them have completed their training with flying colours,” the spokesperson added.

    The navigator’s job is challenging. Apart from keeping track of the aircraft’s position at all times, the navigator’s responsibilities include planning the journey, advising the pilot of the estimated timing to destinations while en route and ensuring that weather hazards are avoided.

    Hooda and Sharma, both 22 years old, completed a 16-month course at the Naval Academy at Mandovi in Goa and other professional schools of the Indian Navy before landing up at the Observer School at INS Garuda here. The navy terms its navigators as observers.

    Earlier this year, the Indian Air Force (IAF) had commissioned Flying Officer Kavita Barala as its first woman navigator. However, she will be flying on non-combatant transport aircraft.

    The issue of inducting women into the combatant arms of the military has been generating considerable heat of late. The IAF vice chief, Air Marshal P.K. Barbora, had created a storm earlier this week when he said, perhaps in jest, that the force could in the foreseeable future take in women as fighter pilots if they committed not to have children.

    Two years ago, Defence Minister A.K. Antony had asked the three service chiefs to examine the question of inducting women in combat arms. They said it was not feasible at the moment for a variety of reasons.

    Women currently can hold permanent commissions only in the Armed Forces Medical Services, where they can serve up to a maximum age of 58 years if they rise to three-star rank. Otherwise, women can only hold short service commissions that enable them to serve a maximum of 14 years in the support arms of the three services. IANS

    Filed under: Educational News, , ,

    Global threat: Antibiotic-proof bacteria

    Global threat: Antibiotic-proof bacteria

    AFP 20 November 2009, 12:01am IST

    STOCKHOLM: Resistance to antibiotics is increasing in Europe and throughout the world because of their excessive use, a deadly and costly curse

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    according to health experts meeting in Stockholm.

    Experts at the 2nd annual European antibiotics awareness day held by the Stockholm-based European Centre for Diseases Prevention and Control (ECDC) said new, hyper-resistant bacteria were emerging, threatening the pillars of global health.

    “Some bacteria are becoming resistant to all treatments, forcing us to use older, toxic antibiotics or combinations of drugs that we are only familiar with on paper,” Dominique Monnet, a ECDC specialist on the issue said.

    The ECDC stressed the situation is particularly worrisome in southern and eastern Europe where antibiotics consumption is higher than elsewhere. “We are getting closer to the wall and we are not far from it,” Monnet said.

    A survey he performed with a colleague on about 100 European intensive care physicians showed that more than half of them had treated, in the last six months, at least one patient infected with a bacterium totally or almost totally resistant to antibiotics.

    “Without effective antibiotics, modern medical treatments such as operations, transplants and intensive care will become impossible,” stressed ECDC’s director, Zsuzsanna Jakab.

    “The pillars of our system based on antibiotics are crumbling,” Otto Cars, a professor at Uppsala University and Swedish expert on the matter said.

    The ECDC estimated at 25,000 the number of deaths annually in the European Union caused by bacteria resistant to antibiotics, more than half the number of deaths caused by car accidents.

    Hyper-resistant bacteria also cost Europe 1.5 billion euros a year, 930 million of which are paid by hospitals. In Europe, Mediterranean and eastern European countries are the most affected. And the continent is not the only one affected by the scourge.

    The bacteria kill tens of thousands of patients in the US, according to official figures. Experts suspect the situation could be even worse in poor countries, where antibiotics circulate more freely and are often available without a prescription.

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    Filed under: Important Days, ,

    Indian students can appear in international test in 2012

    NEW DELHI: Come 2012, school students from India will be able to gauge their level of scholastic performance compared to their global


    India for the first time will participate in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a triennial world-wide test for 15-year-old school children being held by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

    National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT), which is the nodal agency for conducting the test, has decided to carry out a pilot test in the pattern of PISA in Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu this year.

    “We will conduct a pilot test this year. This will help us in conducting PISA in 2012,” a senior NCERT official said.

    The questions will be of PISA standards in the pilot test and will assess the competence of students in reading, science and mathematics. This will be a text free exam in which questions on the related subjects will be asked, he said.

    “By this test, our school children can know where they stand in the world with regard to performance,” Singh said.

    The first PISA assessment was held in 2000 when about 2,65,000 students from 32 countries appeared in the test. Over 2,75,000 students took part in PISA in 2003, which was conducted in 41 countries. In 2006, 57 countries participated in PISA.

    Filed under: Educational News, Forthcomming Exam, ,

    Sheikh Hasina chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

    Sheikh Hasina chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize Sandeep Dikshit

    Outstanding contribution to promotion of democracy


    Sheikh Hasina Wajed.

    NEW DELHI: Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been chosen for the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development this year.

    The selection was made by an international jury, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust said in a statement on Thursday.

    Ms. Hasina was chosen for her “outstanding contribution to the promotion of democracy and pluralism, her determined drive to alleviate poverty and secure social and economic justice for her people through inclusive and sustainable development, and her consistent commitment to peace,” the statement said.

    Ms. Hasina “promoted peace by resolving a long-standing insurgency [problem] in Bangladesh by concluding the Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord. Her global commitment to peace was manifested by her initiative that resulted in the adoption of the first-ever resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on the Culture and Peace,” it said.

    The assassination of her father, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rehman, and other members of her family in 1975 transformed her life and “the political landscape of Bangladesh. A number of attempts on her life and subsequent imprisonment only strengthened her resolve to restore democracy, peace and political stability in her country,” the statement said.

    The award, carrying a cash prize of Rs.25 lakh and a citation, will be presented to her at a function to be held at a later date. Ms. Hasina is to visit India next month and is likely to sign a couple of landmark agreements that would strengthen ties between New Delhi and Dhaka.

    Filed under: Awards, , ,

    IGNOU-UNESCO to hold national seminar on Media Education

    New Delhi: In order to commemorate the birth anniversary of late Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi and to mark the start of year long Silver Jubilee celebrations of the establishment of the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), the School of Journalism & New Media Studies (SOJNMS) is organizing a two-day National Symposium on “Challenges and Opportunities ofMedia Education in India” on the 20-21 November, 2009, in collaboration with UNESCO.

    “There has been a long felt need for a debate on various issues arising out of the phenomenal growth and increased access to media and information and communication technologies, on the one hand and the liberal global economic policies adopted in India, on the other; especially in the past few decades which have led to a rich and diverse media scenario in India,” said an official press release from the varsity.

    It has led to the entry of numerous stakeholders offering diverse programmes, courses, curricula etc at various levels catering to the rise in demand for skilled personnel in the field, leading to a chaotic situation.

    Also the debate for including media literacy education right from school in democracies has been gaining momentum globally.

    At this juncture, with a view to provide a platform for meaningful deliberations for chalking a roadmap for the future of media literacy education in the country, the School has taken up this initiative.

    The symposium is being supported by many national and international agencies such as UNESCO, the Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (CEMCA), etc. promoting media literacy education globally.

    The deliberations shall be spread over four main theme-wise Plenary Sessions like-Status of Media Education in India today, A Systemic Approach to Media Education, Need for Horizontal and Vertical Expansion of the Horizons of the Discipline, The Challenge and Opportunities Ahead and a few sub themes.

    Filed under: Educational News, , , ,

    UPSC announces CDS Exam I 2009 results

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    New Delhi: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has announced the results of the Combined Defence Services Examination (I) 2009 held by the Services Selection Board of the Ministry of Defence.

    The CDS (I) Examination was conducted for admission to the 128th Course of Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Kerala and Air Force Academy, Hyderabad (Pre-Flying) Training Course i.e. 187th F(P) Course.

    The number of vacancies, as intimated by the Government is 250 for Indian Military Academy (including 32 vacancies reserved for NCC ‘C’ Certificate (Army Wing) holders), 40 for Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Kerala [(2 for Hydra/38 for General Service) (including 6 vacancies reserved for NCC ‘C’ Certificate (Naval Wing) holders] and 32 for Air Force Academy, Hyderabad.

    There are some common candidates in the lists for various courses/wings.

    The candidature of all the candidates is provisional.

    Candidates are required to submit the original certificates in support of age, educational qualification, alongwith Photostat attested copies thereof of Army/Naval/Air Headquarters, as per their first choice.

    “UPSC has a “Facilitation Counter” in its campus where Candidates can obtain any information / clarification regarding their examinations / recruitments during working hours in person or over telephone Nos. 23385271 / 23381125 / 23098543″, the UPSC said in a press release.

    Filed under: Educational News, ,

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