KV Baramulla Library

Icon

Library Media Centre

Types of Soil in India-Alluvial Soil and Black Soil



Types of Soil in India


The main categories of soils in India are: (i) Alluvial soils (ii) Black soils (iii) Red soils (iv) Laterite soils (v) Mountain and hill soils (vi) Terai soils (vii) Desert (or Arid) soil and (viii) Peat soils.

Alluvial soil and Black soil
Alluvial soil is that soil which is formed by deposition of silts brought down by the rivers. It is rich in hydrated oxides of iron and is very fertile. Black soil or the black cotton soil has a good water-holding capacity and is best suited for deep-rooted crops like cotton. The black soil in wet condition is compact and sticky.

The most extensive soil cover of India comprises alluvial soils.

Soil Erosion: The soils are usually six to twelve inches in depth. In course of time, the fertility level of the soil is depleted with the result that the soil no longer remains suitable for agriculture. Soil conservation is, therefore, necessary for continued agricultural

prosperity.

The agencies of erosion are winds, water and waves of which the water erosion is most common. Rain water removes soil from the surface of sloping lands. Winds remove top soil of lands.

Laterite soils are formed by the weathering of laterite rocks. These can be distinguished from other soils by their acidity. Laterite soils are generally poor on the higher levels and cannot retain moisture. In the plains, however, they consist of heavy loams and clay and can retain moisture.

Laterite soils occur in Madhya Pradesh, Assam and along the Eastern and Western Ghats. Tea plantation requires acidity which is there in the laterite soil. It is, therefore, common in these areas.

Filed under: General Knowledge, Geography: general Knowledge, , , , , , , , , ,

You are the Visitor, Number

  • 431,278

RSS Quotes of the Day

  • James Carr
    "I don't have an English accent because this is what English sounds like when spoken properly."
  • Randy K. Milholland
    "The only way to be truly misogynistic is to be a woman."

Calendar

July 2010
M T W T F S S
« Jun   Sep »
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031  

Alert!!!

CBSE & NCERT Sample Q.papers, HOTS study materials, Question Banks Click the "Download:CBSE,NCERT Sample Papers,NCF" link in the category section below on this sidebar

RSS Tell ME Why-Facts

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS History On This Day

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS DiscoveryNews-Top-Stories

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Article of The Week

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Books News,Rviews and Authors Interviews

  • Whose life is it anyway? Novelists have their say on cultural appropriation
    Jonathan Franzen claimed he won’t write about race because of limited ‘firsthand experience’, while Lionel Shriver hopes objection to ‘cultural appropriation is a passing fad’. So should there be boundaries on what a novelist can write about?Clearly, if writers were barred from creating characters with attributes that we do not “own” (gender, ethnicity, sexu […]
  • Angela Carter: Far from the fairytale
    The otherworldly figure conjured after her death in 1992 doesn’t do Angela Carter justice. Her biographer Edmund Gordon attempts a more accurate portrayal of a complex, sensual and highly intellectual womanWhen Angela Carter died – aged just 51, on 16 February 1992 – her reputation changed from cultish to canonical. Her obituaries in the British press receiv […]
  • Orphans of the Carnival by Carol Birch review
    Roll up, roll up, for a beautifully written novel about the poignant inner life of 19th-century touring freakshow attraction Julia PastranaIn 2013, more than 150 years after her death, Julia Pastrana was finally returned to her birthplace in Mexico for a proper burial. Famed during her lifetime as “the Ugliest Woman in the World”, Pastrana, born in 1834, had […]
  • Richard Serra and Michael Craig-Martin’s 50-year conversation about art
    The two artists – who trained together in the early 60s – discuss understanding the world through mass, weight and gravityMichael Craig-Martin: I saw the current show at Gagosian in New York, the double gallery show. And to be honest, Richard, I’ve seen an amazing number of your shows. I’ve probably seen more of your shows than anybody else. I saw the show i […]
  • Who owned this Canterbury psalter?
    The study of ancient illuminated manuscripts brings you face to face with history. Christopher de Hamel explains how the secrets of one 11th-century psalter emerged to reveal its celebrated ownerMedieval illuminated manuscripts are the holy relics of our own time. They are often preserved, like sacred treasure of the middle ages, in special boxes in institut […]

Periodicals Articles Alert

Bachhon ko Nishulk Aur Anivaarya Shiksha Ka adhikaar Adhiniyam 2009, Pratiyogita Darpan,May2010,P.1823-1825 ; E-Kachara Prabandhan: Ek Chunauti Aur Upaye, Pratiyogita Darpan,May2010,P.1832-1834; Vitamin Truths & lies,Reader Digest,May2010,P.52-56; Surface Area and Volume, Education Trend,May210,P.65 ; Metals and Non Metals, Education Trend,May210,P.77; The rise of Nationalism in Europe, Education Trend,May210,P.91; Linear Equations in two variables, Education Today,May2010,P.5-15,Federalism, Sectors of Indian Economy and Water Resources Education Today,May2010,P.16-29 ; Acids, Bases and Salts, Education Today,May2010,P.30; Prehistoric Creatures,Tell Me Why,May2010; Disappearing Herbs,Out Look,May24,2010,P.56

Periodicals Arrival in the Library

%d bloggers like this: