KV Baramulla Library


Library Media Centre

Types of Soil in India-Alluvial Soil and Black Soil

Types of Soil in India

The main categories of soils in India are: (i) Alluvial soils (ii) Black soils (iii) Red soils (iv) Laterite soils (v) Mountain and hill soils (vi) Terai soils (vii) Desert (or Arid) soil and (viii) Peat soils.

Alluvial soil and Black soil
Alluvial soil is that soil which is formed by deposition of silts brought down by the rivers. It is rich in hydrated oxides of iron and is very fertile. Black soil or the black cotton soil has a good water-holding capacity and is best suited for deep-rooted crops like cotton. The black soil in wet condition is compact and sticky.

The most extensive soil cover of India comprises alluvial soils.

Soil Erosion: The soils are usually six to twelve inches in depth. In course of time, the fertility level of the soil is depleted with the result that the soil no longer remains suitable for agriculture. Soil conservation is, therefore, necessary for continued agricultural


The agencies of erosion are winds, water and waves of which the water erosion is most common. Rain water removes soil from the surface of sloping lands. Winds remove top soil of lands.

Laterite soils are formed by the weathering of laterite rocks. These can be distinguished from other soils by their acidity. Laterite soils are generally poor on the higher levels and cannot retain moisture. In the plains, however, they consist of heavy loams and clay and can retain moisture.

Laterite soils occur in Madhya Pradesh, Assam and along the Eastern and Western Ghats. Tea plantation requires acidity which is there in the laterite soil. It is, therefore, common in these areas.

Filed under: General Knowledge, Geography: general Knowledge, , , , , , , , , ,

You are the Visitor, Number

  • 432,864

RSS Quotes of the Day

  • William Shakespeare
    "My reason, the physician to my love, angry that his prescriptions are not kept, hath left me."
  • Shana Alexander
    "The sad truth is that excellence makes people nervous."


July 2010
« Jun   Sep »


CBSE & NCERT Sample Q.papers, HOTS study materials, Question Banks Click the "Download:CBSE,NCERT Sample Papers,NCF" link in the category section below on this sidebar

RSS Tell ME Why-Facts

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS History On This Day

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS DiscoveryNews-Top-Stories

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Article of The Week

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Books News,Rviews and Authors Interviews

  • Man Booker prize 2016: bookies' and public's favourites revealed
    Graeme Macrae Burnet’s His Bloody Project, is a hit with readers – but gamblers are backing Madeleine Thien’s Do Not Say We Have NothingWith hours to go before the winner of this year’s Man Booker prize is announced, former Waterstones bookseller Graeme Macrae Burnet’s tale of murder in a Scottish crofting community, His Bloody Project, is comfortably outsel […]
  • Writing YA fiction requires new skillsets
    In the first of a series by authors shortlisted for the 2016 Guardian children’s fiction award, Alex Wheatle, AKA The Brixton Bard, explores the difficulties of dialogue-driven fiction, and the challenge of writing his shortlisted novel Crongton NightsDialogue, in my view, is the poor cousin of prose. The writers who are best at it have time and again been u […]
  • Diane Arbus: Portrait of a Photographer review – a disturbing study
    Arthur Lubow’s life of the controversial US photographer is sometimes eye-opening, but casts no new light on her troubled genius“My favourite thing,” Diane Arbus once said, “is to go where I’ve never been.” As Arthur Lubow’s deeply researched, sometimes prurient, new biography of the artist attests, she was not just speaking about her photography. The book i […]
  • Love, New York and all that jazz
    Don’t be put off by his name or his banking past, for Amor Towles’s first novel, Rules of Civility, is a heady cocktail of ambition and romanceThe other day, my husband strolled into my office bearing major booty in the form of a proof of A Gentleman in Moscow, the new novel by Amor Towles. It isn’t out here until February, but given that it has already been […]
  • Walsall council seeks to close all but one of its 16 libraries
    Cash-strapped West Midlands authority proposes drastic cuts to libraries and art gallery, designed to save £86m by 2020Walsall council is asking residents for their views on its plans to close 15 out of 16 of its local libraries.The council’s drastic proposals to cut back its libraries, leaving just Walsall Central Library, come as it looks to save £86m by 2 […]

Periodicals Articles Alert

Bachhon ko Nishulk Aur Anivaarya Shiksha Ka adhikaar Adhiniyam 2009, Pratiyogita Darpan,May2010,P.1823-1825 ; E-Kachara Prabandhan: Ek Chunauti Aur Upaye, Pratiyogita Darpan,May2010,P.1832-1834; Vitamin Truths & lies,Reader Digest,May2010,P.52-56; Surface Area and Volume, Education Trend,May210,P.65 ; Metals and Non Metals, Education Trend,May210,P.77; The rise of Nationalism in Europe, Education Trend,May210,P.91; Linear Equations in two variables, Education Today,May2010,P.5-15,Federalism, Sectors of Indian Economy and Water Resources Education Today,May2010,P.16-29 ; Acids, Bases and Salts, Education Today,May2010,P.30; Prehistoric Creatures,Tell Me Why,May2010; Disappearing Herbs,Out Look,May24,2010,P.56

Periodicals Arrival in the Library

%d bloggers like this: