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Arjuna, Drona and Khel Ratna awardees 2010

Ace Indian shuttler and World no.2 Saina Nehwal will get the Rajiv Gandhi

Khel Ratna, the country’s highest sports award, while Indian footballer Sunil Chettri, currently playing for American club Kansas City Wizards, is among the 15 sportspersons selected for the Arjuna Award.

The award’s committee, headed by legendary athlete P.T. Usha, met here Friday to finalise the winners of this year’s national sports awards.

Arjuna Awardees: Krishna Punia (athletics), Joseph Abraham (athletics), Dinesh Kumar (boxing), Parimarjan Negi (chess), Jhulan Goswami (cricket), Deepak Mondal (football), Sunil Chettri (football), Rajiv Tomar (wrestling), Sandeep Singh (hockey), Jasjit Kaur (hockey), Jajseer Singh (paralympics), Dinesh (kabaddi), Kapil Dev (volleyball), Rehan Poncha (swimming), Sanjeev Rajput (shooting)

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Filed under: Awards, Current Affairs:-Events / Happenings / Observances/Appointments:, Sports, ,

Winners of the IIFA Awards 2010


List of IIFA Awards

Best Film : Vidhu Vinod Chopra – 3 Idiots
Best Performance in a Leading Role (Male) : Amitabh Bachchan – Paa
Best Performance in a Leading Role (Female) : Kareena Kapoor – 3 Idiots & Vidya Balan – Paa
Best Directer : Rajkumar Hirani – 3 Idiots
Best Performance in a Comic Role : Sanjay Dutt – All The Best
Best Performance in a Negative Role : Boman Irani – 3 Idiots
Best Performance in Supporting Role (Male) : Sharman Joshi – 3 Idiots
Best Performance in Supporting Role (Female) : Divya Dutta – Delhi 6
Best Debut of the year (Male) : Omi Vaidya – Jackie Bhagnani
Best Debut of the year (Female) : Jacqueline Fernandez – Mahie Gill
Best Playback Singer (Female): Kavita Seth – Ek Tara (Wake Up Sid)
Best Playback Singer (Male) : Shaan – Behti Hawa Sa Tha Woh (3 Idiots)
Best Music Directer : Pritam – Love Aaj Kal
Best Lyrics : Swanand Kirkire – 3 Idiots
Best Story : Abhijat Joshi, Raj Kumar Hirani, Vidhu Vinod Chopra – 3 Idiots
Habitat For Humanity Ambassadorship : Salman Khan
IIFA outstanding contribution to Hindi Cinema (Male) : J. Om Prakash
IIFA outstanding contribution to Hindi Cinema (Female) : Zeenat Aman
Outstanding Achievement by an Indian Internationally : Anil Kapoor


IIFA Green Global Award : Vivek Oberoi

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Radhika Plakkot-Winner of the prestigious Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Posted by admin on June 22nd, 2010

Radhika Plakkot, an Indian American science teacher has been named among one of the 103 mathematics and science teachers for the prestigious Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching by the United States President Barak Obama.

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The 2010 Pulitzer Prizes -Award Winners

The 2010 Pulitzer prizes were awarded on April 12, 2010. The Washington Post has won four awards while The New York Times has won 3. For the first time this award has been given to ProPublica, an online source.
Following are the winners of the Pulitzer prizes 2010:

  • Journalism
  • Public Service – Bristol (Va.) Herald Courier
  • Breaking News Reporting – The Seattle Times Staff
  • Investigative Reporting – Barbara Laker and Wendy Ruderman of the Philadelphia Daily News and Sheri Fink of ProPublica, in collaboration with The New York Times Magazine
  • Explanatory Reporting – Michael Moss and members of The New York Times Staff
  • Local Reporting – Raquel Rutledge of the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
  • National Reporting – Matt Richtel and members of The New York Times Staff
  • International Reporting – Anthony Shadid of The Washington Post
  • Feature Writing – Gene Weingarten of The Washington Post
  • Commentary – Kathleen Parker of The Washington Post
  • Criticism – Sarah Kaufman of The Washington Post
  • Editorial Writing – Tod Robberson, Colleen McCain Nelson and William McKenzie of The Dallas Morning News
  • Editorial Cartooning – Mark Fiore, self syndicated, appearing on SFGate.com
  • Breaking News Photography – Mary Chind of The Des Moines Register
  • Feature Photography – Craig F. Walker of The Denver Post
  • Letters, Drama and Music
  • Fiction – Tinkers by Paul Harding (Bellevue Literary Press)
  • Drama – Next to Normal, music by Tom Kitt, book and lyrics by Brian Yorkey
  • History – Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World by Liaquat Ahamed (The Penguin Press)
  • Biography – The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt by T.J. Stiles (Alfred A. Knopf)
  • Poetry – Versed by Rae Armantrout (Wesleyan University Press)
  • General Nonfiction – The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy by David E. Hoffman (Doubleday)
  • Music – Violin Concerto by Jennifer Higdon (Lawdon Press)
  • Special Citations
  • Hank Williams – press release on the Special Citation awarded to Hank Williams

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First Infosys Prize

First Infosys prize:
Infosys prize has been instituted by Infosys to reward and recognise outstanding inventions or discovery or a cumulative body of work done in India in five major disciplines: engineering and computer science, life sciences, mathematical sciences, physical sciences and social sciences. Recently these awards were distributed.

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50th Grammy Awards Winners

Record Of the Year: “Rehab”, Amy Winehouse

Album Of the Year: “River: The Joni Letters”, Herbie Hancock

Song Of the Year:  ”Rehab”, Amy Winehouse

Best New Artist:  Amy Winehouse

Best Hard Rock Performance: “The Pretender”, Foo Fighters

Best Metal Performance: “Final Six”, Slayer

Best Rock Song: “Radio Nowhere”, Bruce Springsteen

Best Alternative Music Album: “Icky Thump”, The White Stripes

Filed under: Awards, General Knowledge,

PM’s daughter Upinder wins Infosys prize for social sciences

Bangalore: Upinder Singh, 50, history professor at Delhi University who is also the second daughter of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, is the joint winner of the inaugural Infosys Prize for social sciences.

“Yes! Upinder Singh is the prime minister’s daughter. But we have not highlighted her parentage while announcing the prizes, as she has been chosen by the jury for the award on her merit and credentials,” a senior Infosys official told the sources late on Monday.

The jury for social sciences, headed by Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, chose Upinder for the Rs.5-million (Rs.50 lakh) prize for her contributions as an outstanding historian of ancient and early medieval India. The prize has been instituted by the Infosys Science Foundation.

Abijit Vinayak Banerjee of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is the other winner of the prize in the discipline for his contributions to the economic theory of development and his pioneering work in the empirical evaluation of public policy.

“The prize will be equally shared by Upinder and Banerjee and they will get Rs.2.5 million (Rs.25 lakh) each,” the Infosys official added.

The prime minister will present the prize to Upinder and Banerjee at an award ceremony on January 4, 2010 in New Delhi along with a citation and a medallion.

According to the citation by the jury, Upinder has been recognised for the depth and breadth of her scholarly research, which are matched by a rare ability to communicate her findings to a broad audience of students and intellectually curious non-specialists.

“Upinder has been a pioneer in supplementing literary sources with an impressive array of archaeological, epigraphic and numismatic evidence in brilliantly reconstructing early Indian history. The vast chronological span of her scholarship stretches across millennia from the Paleolithic and Mesolithic ages to 1200 CE,” the citation said.

Noting that Upinder was able to offer an overarching and subtle interpretation of Indian history and culture, the jury said as an innovative scholar who enables her readers to re-envision the idea of India, she was an ideal recipient of the prize in history.

A history graduate from St. Stephen’s College in Delhi, Upinder went on to do M.A. and M.Phil in history from Delhi University. She obtained Ph.D at McGill University at Montreal in Canada, with a thesis on “Kings, Brahmanas and Temples in Orissa: an epigraphic study.”

The Infosys Foundation has been set up early this year with a corpus of Rs.450 million (Rs.45 crore), including Rs.210 million (Rs.21 crore) jointly contributed by Infosys’ executive board members and an annual grant by the company to promote world class research in natural andsocial sciences in the Indian sub-continent. IANS

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Ragging is crime against humanity- President

Panaji: President Pratibha Patil, who was awarded a degree of doctor of letters (D.Lit) at the 22nd annual convocation ceremony of Goa University on Tuesday, exhorted students to desist from ragging, calling it a “crime against humanity”.

“Ragging in all our universities and educational institutions must stop. It is a crime against humanity and a shameful behaviour. Education must develop cultured attitude and social awareness, otherwise it is unrelated to life and its environment,” Patil said.

The president also asked students not to rush for ‘popular’ subjects like commerce and management and asked them to study equally important basic science subjects at the university level and focus on research and innovation.

“With 54 crore youth, India has one of the largest young populations of the world. We have a responsibility to ensure that they receive proper education,” she said.

Patil urged the youth to stay away from drugs. “Drug addiction is becoming an increasing threat for our youth. It is said that first you consume the drug then the drug consumes you. I hope awareness about its ill-effects would also be taken up by the platform.”

She also urged universities to assess the requirements of the job market well in advance and structure courses in a manner that will help theirstudents enter the employment market, prepared for jobs available.

“In India the problem is more of employability than of employment, which means that the skills that people have are not appropriate for securing employment,” she said.

Earlier, Goa Governor S.S. Sidhu, also chancellor of university, conferred the doctorate on Patil for her contribution towards the upliftment of society and special attention to deprived section of society.

Thirty-two students from different faculties were awarded PhD degrees and 376 postgraduate students received their master’s degrees on the occasion. IANS

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Sheikh Hasina chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

Sheikh Hasina chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize Sandeep Dikshit

Outstanding contribution to promotion of democracy

— FILE PHOTO: AFP

Sheikh Hasina Wajed.

NEW DELHI: Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been chosen for the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development this year.

The selection was made by an international jury, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust said in a statement on Thursday.

Ms. Hasina was chosen for her “outstanding contribution to the promotion of democracy and pluralism, her determined drive to alleviate poverty and secure social and economic justice for her people through inclusive and sustainable development, and her consistent commitment to peace,” the statement said.

Ms. Hasina “promoted peace by resolving a long-standing insurgency [problem] in Bangladesh by concluding the Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord. Her global commitment to peace was manifested by her initiative that resulted in the adoption of the first-ever resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on the Culture and Peace,” it said.

The assassination of her father, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rehman, and other members of her family in 1975 transformed her life and “the political landscape of Bangladesh. A number of attempts on her life and subsequent imprisonment only strengthened her resolve to restore democracy, peace and political stability in her country,” the statement said.

The award, carrying a cash prize of Rs.25 lakh and a citation, will be presented to her at a function to be held at a later date. Ms. Hasina is to visit India next month and is likely to sign a couple of landmark agreements that would strengthen ties between New Delhi and Dhaka.

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A Nobel Prize for Political Science

A Nobel Prize for Political Science

NOBEL LAUREATE Elinor Ostrom

AP NOBEL LAUREATE Elinor Ostrom
Let us hope that the Economics Nobel awarded to prominent political scientist Elinor Ostrom will open the doors for this “Nobel” to be the forerunner of a recognition given to all social sciences, not just one of them.

The award of Nobel Prize in Economics to Elinor Ostrom and Oliver Williamson surprised many, and not just because Ms Ostrom is the first woman honoured with it. Observers are taken aback because Ms Ostrom is not an economist. She received a Ph.D in Political Science at UCLA, has taught for many years in the Political Science Department at Indiana University and was president of the American Political Science Association (APSA), one of the highest honours conferred by the profession. To say she was merely “trained” in Political Science, as much of the press has put it (at least those who have not described her, inaccurately, as an outright economist), or that she is “more of a political scientist than an economist,” as others have, implying that she later took up the discipline of Economics as her “true” vocation, is false. Ms Ostrom’s whole career took place within the boundaries of Political Science, where she excelled (she was the second woman to be elected president of APSA in the organisation’s 100-year history) and made significant contributions to our understanding of a number of key issue areas.

Like many political scientists, Ms Ostrom does research in political economy, albeit from a perspective very different from that of neoclassical economists. That is, as many of her fellow political scientists, she does actual field work and draws her conclusions from the findings of it, and not on the basis of abstruse models built on preconceived notions of human nature and how we behave. The reason she has enhanced so much of our knowledge of human behaviour is she sets out to find out what happens “out there” — as opposed to starting from the premise she already knows it and that it is just a question of building the mathematical models to prove it.

Last November, Queen Elizabeth visited the London School of Economics (LSE) and asked some of the top minds in that discipline in Britain why they had been unable to predict the Great Recession of 2008. Given that failure, the award of the Economics prize this year (strictly speaking, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Science, established much later than the original Nobel awards, and not really a “Nobel Prize” as such) represents a refreshing change from the tradition of giving it to specialists in evermore abstract models of the workings of the financial system, many of whom had nothing to say about the global meltdown that hit us in 2008. As has been pointed out, there is no small irony in the fact that the odds-on favourite to win the Prize this year was Eugene Fama, the author of the efficient markets hypothesis. It was precisely such approaches that did so much to open the doors to the 2008 crash, as Alan Greenspan himself admitted in a testimony before the U.S. Congress.

In an impressive oeuvre of 20-some books and hundreds of articles in top journals, which she continues to churn out uninterruptedly at age 76 (Princeton University Press will publish her latest one, Working Together: Collective Action, the Commons and Multiple Methods in Practice, in 2010), Ms Ostrom has addressed that question from a variety of angles. And one of the most fascinating aspects of her by now classic book, Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Actions (1990), is precisely that it goes against one of the most ingrained dogmas among economists: the notion of the “tragedy of the commons.” That is, the belief that “property that belongs to all, effectively belongs to nobody.” The classic example is the alleged contrast between the fate of the wild buffalo that runs the risk of extermination because “it belongs to nobody,” and that of domestic cattle that survives happily because “it has an owner.” The economists’ typical response has been that the solution is to privatise, thus solving the problem (though it is not obvious how wild buffalos can be privatised).

In contrast to those who take the opposite tack, that is, having the government take over the commons, Ms Ostrom, in her extensive work in places as far apart as California, Switzerland, India and Nepal, has discovered that self-organised communities are perfectly able to manage their lands, forests, fishing resources or irrigation systems. At a time when many indigenous communities across the planet find themselves under heavy pressure to privatise whatever common lands they still have, this is highly pertinent.

As Ms Ostrom put it in her 1997 APSA presidential address, “the theory of collective action is the central subject of political science. It is the core of the justification for the state. Collective-action problems pervade international relations, face legislators when devising public budgets, permeate public bureaucracies, and are at the core of explanations of voting, interest group formation, and citizen control of governments in a democracy.”

At the core of Ms Ostrom’s work is her effort to explore the ways in which “social dilemmas,” that is, situations in which individuals make independent choices amid interdependence. In so doing, she presses beyond the rather simplistic rational choice approach followed by many of her colleagues, which also reduces human beings to homoeconomicus. In keeping with her notion that “political systems are complexly organised and that we will rarely be able to state that one variable is always positively or negatively correlated to a dependent variable,” she deploys a multipronged approach to establishing causal relationships. Through field work, laboratory experiments and such high-tech approaches as satellite photography, she tries to determine how self-organised communities devise rules that protect common property and public goods — without having to rely on privatisation or on the overarching power of the state.

In her work, she establishes such apparently unsurprising propositions as “face-to-face communication enhances cooperation,” something which the first-generation of rational choice theory had not contemplated, dismissing communication as “cheap talk.” There is no substitute for sitting in a meeting with someone and watching his or her face while he or she makes a commitment. An e-mail won’t do for these purposes, and that is one reason teleconferencing, though not quite the same as face-to-face meetings, is becoming so popular. But this is only the first step to her finding about human relationships and what she refers to as the second-generation of rational choice theory: the key links between reciprocity, reputation and trust.

Once human beings start to communicate with each other, they realise they are better off working together than by remaining in splendid isolation. They also become aware that developing a reputation for trustworthiness is an asset. People are more likely to cooperate with those who stick to their word than with those who “jump ship” at the first opportunity. The longer they are able to do this, the greater the benefits they derive. This mechanism is self-reinforcing. Teams of individuals who know they can rely on each other tend to be more successful than those riven by dissent, and given to backbiting and jockeying for position.

Beyond Ms Ostrom’s unquestionable merits, her award underscores a broader phenomenon. For too long, the economic profession has allotted to itself a quasi-monopoly of the vocabulary of public discourse and of the methodologies applied to analyse social problems, and the public policies designed to overcome them. The use of econometric models that make total abstraction of reality has become so dominant in many countries that the notion of undertaking field work, that is, genuine field research aimed at establishing how real human beings actually behave, has often been set aside, with disastrous results. The misplaced hubris of the economic profession, that has tended to look down on its sister disciplines in the social sciences, has partly been fed by its being the only one with a “Nobel Prize.”

Economics, like the other social sciences, has much to contribute to our understanding of social processes. Indian economists have certainly done so, and the worldwide recognition of such noted specialists as Amartya Sen and Jagdish Bhagwati reflects it. However, the analytical and methodological toolkit of economists is by no means the only one available to map out the road towards improving our comprehension of social problems. It also has considerable limitations, including the reluctance of its practitioners to engage in field work. This last year provided us with abundant evidence in this respect. Let us hope that this prize awarded to prominent political scientist Elinor Ostrom will open the doors for this “Nobel” to be the forerunner of a recognition given from now on to all social sciences, and not just one of them.

(Jorge Heine holds the Chair in Global Governance at the Balsillie School of International Affairs and is a Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) in Waterloo, Ontario. His latest book (with Andrew F. Cooper), Which Way Latin America: Hemispheric Politics Meets Globalization is published by United Nations University Press.)
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Young minds receive National Award on Children’s Day

// <![CDATA[// New Delhi: The Minister of Women & Child Development, Mrs. Krishna Tirath presented National Child Awards for exceptional achievements to 25 children on Bal Divas today at a function at Vigyan Bhavan.

Presenting the awards, the Minister said, “The children of today are the citizens of tomorrow, it is our duty to provide safe and secure environment to our children.”

The Ministry of Women & Child Development has initiated various schemes and programmes for the welfare of the children.

These include universalizing of Integrated Child Development Services programmes, thereby ensuring that an Anganwadi Centre is set up in every village in the country.

The Integrated Child Protection Scheme has been launched this year to provide a safe and protective environment for children. The scheme specifically addresses the needs of street children, orphan children and millions of others who need care and protection.

“The Ministry has also set up the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights to protect the rights of the children. It is also pursuing with the States to set up such Commissions for protection of children at the earliest,” she added.

On the occasion Ms. Kapila Vatsyayan, Dr. Karan Singh and Motilal Vohra also addressed the children.

The awards are presented every year to the children between the age group 4-15 years for their exceptional achievements in various fields including academics, art, culture and sports etc. Awards include one Gold Medal with cash prize of Rs.20,000 and a citation and 24 Silver Medal with cash prize Rs.10,000 and a citation.

The Gold Medal was presented to Ms. Shruthi S, from Karnataka for her exceptional skill in drawing and painting.
On the occasion the minister also released volume 2&3 of research carried out the NIPCCD on ICDS.

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K.R. Narayanan Award for N. Ram

Kochi: N. Ram, Editor-in-Chief of The Hindu, has been chosen for this year’s K.R. Narayanan Award for his outstanding contribution to journalism in India. Instituted by the K.R. Narayanan Foundation in memory of the late President, the award is to honour individuals who have excelled in various fields. It carries a statuette, citation and a ‘ponnada.’

At a media conference held here to announce this, the award committee chairman Justice K. Narayana Kurup, former acting Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, said Mr. Ram had been selected for the honour in view of his excellence in journalism. “It is for highlighting the problems of the ethnic Tamils in Sri Lanka through a series of articles, fostering better relations between India and China, and for sensitising the readers of The Hindu to the hazards of climate change and global warming,” Mr. Kurup said.

Interestingly, the late K.R. Narayanan began his brief stint in journalism when he joined The Hindu as a sub-editor after quitting the job of a college lecturer. Decades later, when he became the President of India, Mr. Ram did a wide-ranging interview with him for Doordarshan and the All India Radio on the occasion of the fiftieth year of the country’s Independence.

Other awards

The K.R. Narayanan award committee, also comprising former minister Prof. N.M. Joseph and former Vice-Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi University A.T. Devasia, has decided to confer the K.R. Narayanan Pravasi Ratna Award on Yusuffali M.A., the UAE-based Emke Group Managing Director, for his services to Non-Resident Indians. The Malayalam movie ‘Pazhassi Raja’ will receive the K.R. Narayanan Kala Puraskaram.

Earlier recipients of the award include K. Radhakrishnan, former Speaker of the Kerala Legislative Assembly, and G. Madhavan Nair, former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman.

The awards will be presented at a function to be held in connection with the K.R. Narayanan Memorial Lecture in New Delhi in the first week of January. K.R. Narayanan Foundation chairman Uzhavoor Vijayan and general secretary Eby J. Jose were also present at the media conference.

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Awards

Young Scientist Award

C. Guruvayoorappan, Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Karunya University, has been conferred the Young Scientist Award by the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, under the fast track scheme.

The award enables young scientists to undertake independent research in newly emerging and frontier areas of science and engineering.

Mr. Guruvayoorappan has received the award of Rs. 18.68 lakh for pursuing research on ulcerative colitis.



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Miss Universe 2009

Miss Universe 2009 :

Miss Venezuela Stefania Fernandez was crowned Miss Universe 2009

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India won 7th Nobel Prize

indian-nobel-winners-7

It sounds interesting. Because India won its 7th Nobel Prize on Wednesday, 7th Of October 2009. Yes! Indian born Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, a senior scientist at the MRC Laborartory of Molecular Biology at Cambridge, England, has won the 2009 Nobel Prize for Chemistry along with two others, the Nobel Committee announced on 7th October 2009.

The two other scientists, who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with V Ramakrishnan are Thomas E Steitz (US) and Ada E Yonath (Israel). They all are working with MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology at Cambridge.

Born in 1952 in Chidambaram, Tailnadu, Ramakrishnan shared the Nobel Prize with Thomas E Steitz (US) and Ada E Yonath (Israel) for their “studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”.

Ramakrishnan earned his B.Sc. in Physics (1971) from Baroda University and his Ph.D. in Physics (1976) from Ohio University.

He moved into biology at the University of California, San Diego, where he took a year of classes, then conducted research with Dr Mauricio Montal, a membrane biochemist.

Let us remember the Great Sons of India who made Indians feel proud by winning the Nobel Prize which is the most respected award the world over.

Here is the list of Those Indians who won this prestigious award and let us salute them…

1) Rabindranath Tagore (1861 – 1941)

Nobel Prize for Literature (1913). Tagore was born and lived in Calcutta for most of his life. He was one of modern India’s greatest poets and the composer of independent India’s national anthem. In 1901 he founded his school, the Santiniketan, at Bolpur as a protest against the existing bad system of education.

The school was a great success and gave birth to Viswabharati. He was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature for his work “Gitanjali”; for the English version, published in 1912. The noble citation stated that it was “because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.” In 1915, he was knighted by the British King George V. Tagore renounced his knighthood in 1919 following the Amritsar massacre or nearly 400 Indian demonstrators.

2) Sir C.V. Raman (Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman) (1888 – 1970). Nobel Prize for Physics (1930). C V Raman was born on 7th Nov. 1888 in Thiruvanaikkaval, in the Trichy district of Tamil Nadu. He finished school by the age of eleven and by then he had already read the popular lectures of Tyndall, Faraday and Helmoltz.

He acquired his BA degree from the Presidency College, Madras, where he carried out original research in the college laboratory, publishing the results in the philosophical magazine. Then went to Calcutta and while he was there, he made enormous contributions to vibration, sound, musical instruments, ultrasonic, diffraction, photo electricity, colloidal particles, X-ray diffraction, magnetron, dielectrics, and the celebrated “RAMAN” effect which fetched him the Noble Prize in 1930.

He was the first Asian scientist to win the Nobel Prize. The Raman Effect occurs when a ray of incident light excites a molecule in the sample, which subsequently scatters the light. While most of this scattered light is of the same wavelength as the incident light, state (i.e. getting the molecule to vibrate). The Raman Effect is useful in the study of molecular energy levels, structure development, and multi component qualitative analysis.

3) Dr. Hargobind Khorana Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology (1968)Dr. Hargobind Khorana was born on 9th January 1922 at Raipur, Punjab (now in Pakistan). Dr. Khorana was responsible for producing the first man-made gene in his laboratory in the early seventies. This historic invention won him the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1968 sharing it with Marshall Nuremberg and Robert Holley for interpreting the genetic code and analyzing its function in protein synthesis.

They all independently made contributions to the understanding of the genetic code and how it works in the cell. They established that this mother of all codes, the biological language common to all living organisms, is spelled out in three-letter words: each set of three nucleotides codes for a specific amino acid.

4) Dr. Subramaniam Chandrasekar

Nobel Prize for physics (1983) Subramaniam Chandrashekhar was born on October 19, 1910 in Lahore, India (later part of Pakistan). He attended Presidency College from 1925 to 1930, following in the footsteps of his famous uncle, Sir C. V. Raman.

His work spanned over the understanding of the rotation of planets, stars, white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes, galaxies, and clusters of galaxies. He won the Nobel Prize in 1983 for his theoretical work on stars and their evolution.

5) Mother Teresa (1910 – 1997) Nobel Prize for peace (1979)Born in 1910, Skoplje, Yugoslavia (then Turkey) and originally named Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, Mother Teresa dedicated her life to helping the poor, the sick, and the dying around the world, particularly those in India, working through the Missionaries Of Charity in Calcutta. The Society of Missionaries has spread all over the world, including the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries.

Missionaries of Charity provide effective help to the poorest of the poor in a number of countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and they undertake relief work in the wake of natural catastrophes such as floods, epidemics, and famine, and for refugees. The order also has houses in North America, Europe and Australia, where they take care of the shut-ins, alcoholics, homeless, and AIDS sufferers. Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997.

6) Dr. Amartya Sen Nobel Prize for Economics (1998)Amartya Sen (born 1933) was the first Indian to receive the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics, awarded to him in 1998 for his work on welfare economics. He has made several key contributions to research in this field, such as to the axiomatic theory of social choice; the definitions of welfare and poverty indexes; and the empirical studies of famine.

All are linked by his interest in distributional issues and particularly in those most impoverished. Whereas Kenneth Arrow’s “impossibility theorem” suggested that it was not possible to aggregate individual choices into a satisfactory choice for society as a whole, Sen showed that societies could find ways to alleviate such a poor outcome.

And the Seventh Man who won the Nobel Prize is Venkatraman Ramakrishnan.

There are few others connected to India also won the prestigious Nobel Prize.

They are:

1) Ronald Ross. Born in Almora, India, in 1857 Ronald Ross was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on malaria.

He received many honours in addition to the Nobel Prize, and was given Honorary Membership of learned societies of most countries of Europe, and of many other continents. He got an honorary M.D. degree in Stockholm in 1910 at the centenary celebration of the Caroline Institute. Whilst his vivacity and single-minded search for truth caused friction with some people, he enjoyed a vast circle of friends in Europe, Asia and America who respected him for his personality as well as for his genius.

2) Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936). Rudyard Kipling, born in Mumbai, 1865 (then Bombay in British India), was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1907. He remains the youngest-ever recipient and the first English-language writer to receive the Prize. British writer, Kipling wrote novels, poems and short stories — mostly set in India and Burma (now known as Myanmar).

3) Abdus Salam.

Abdus Salam (1926-1996), born in undivided Punjab and a citizen of Pakistan, and shared a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979, with Steven Weinberg, for his work on electroweak unification, one of the important puzzles of modern theoretical physics. He was a visionary and an advocate of science in the third world. He founded the International Center for Theoretical Physics, in Trieste, Italy, which has nurtured world class physicists through workshops, fellowships and conferences.

4) V.S. Naipaul (1932- ) A British writer, V.S. Naipaul (Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul) was born in 1932 in a family of north Indian descent living in Chaguanas, close to Port of Spain, on Trinidad. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001. In awarding him the Prize, the Swedish Academy praised his work “for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories.” The Nobel Committee added: “Naipaul is a modern philosopher, carrying on the tradition that started originally with Lettres persanes and Candide. In a vigilant style, which has been deservedly admired, he transforms rage into precision and allows events to speak with their own inherent irony.”

The Committee also noted Naipaul’s affinity with the Polish-born British author of Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad: “Naipaul is Conrad’s heir as the annalist of the destinies of empires in the moral sense: what they do to human beings. His authority as a narrator is grounded in the memory of what others have forgotten, the history of the vanquished.”

5)14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama (Born on 6 July 1935 at Taktser, Amdo, northeastern Tibet).Former Head of state of Tibet and active leader of Tibetan Resistance towards PRC. Escaped to India when the PRC took over Tibet. Although legally a citizen of Tibet and hence indirectly China, he is head of Tibetan Government in Exile which is stationed in India. He got Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 for efforts for Tibetan Freedom through Non-Violence and Spreading Global Peace through Buddhism. Also during Prize Distribution, Head of Prize Committee commented that the prize was a part of tribute to memory of Mahatma Gandhi. Tenzin travels widely, in an effort to promote peaceful ideals.

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Venkatraman Ramakrishnan:The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan: A profile

LONDON: He may have migrated to the US long back, but Indian-American Venkatraman Ramakrishnan on Wednesday made a billion people back home proud

by winning the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his pioneering work on ribosome, a cellular machine that makes proteins.

57-year-old Ramakrishnan, born in the temple town of Chidambaram in Tamil Nadu, is the seventh Indian or of Indian origin to win the prestigious award.

Born in 1952, Ramakrishnan earned his B.Sc. in Physics (1971) from Baroda University in Gujarat and later migrated to the US to continue his studies where he later got settled and attained US citizenship.

He earned his Ph.D in Physics from Ohio University in the US and later worked as a graduate student at the University of California from 1976-78.

During his stint at the varsity, Ramakrishnan conducted a research with Dr Mauricio Montal, a membrane biochemist and later designed his own 2-year transition from physics to biology.

As a postdoctoral fellow at Yale University, he worked on a neutron-scattering map of the small ribosomal subunit of E Coli. He has been studying ribosome structure ever since.

Ramakrishnan, now a senior scientist at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge has authored several important papers in academic journals.

In the August 26, 2000 issue of Nature, Ramakrishnan and his co-workers published the structure of the small ribosomal subunit of Thermus thermophilus, a heat-stable bacterium related to one found in the Yellowstone hot springs.

With this 5.5 Angstrom-resolution structure, Ramakrishnan’s group identified key portions of the RNA and, using previously determined structures, positioned seven of the subunit’s proteins.

In the September 21, 2000 issue of Nature, Ramakrishnan published two papers. In the first of these, he presented the 3 Angstrom structure of the 30S ribosomal subunit.

His second paper revealed the structures of the 30S subunit in complex with three antibiotics that target different regions of the subunit. In this paper, Ramakrishnan discussed the structural basis for the action of each of these drugs.

After his postdoctoral fellowship, Ramakrishnan joined the staff of Brookhaven National Laboratory in ther US. There, he began his collaboration with Stephen White to clone the genes for several ribosomal proteins and determine their three-dimensional structures.

He was also awarded a Guggenheim fellowship during his tenure there, and he used it to make the transition to X-ray crystallography.

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Man Booker for Hilary Mantel

I want you to take a look at: Man Booker for Hilary Mantel

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