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World Book and Copyright day 2010

World Book and Copyright day 2010

23rd April is a figurative date for world creative writing as on this date and in the unchanged year of 1616, Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega all died. It is as well the date of birth or death of other famous authors for example Maurice Druon, K.Laxness, Vladimir Nabokov, Josep Pla and Manuel Mejía Vallejo. It was a usual selection for UNESCO’s General Conference to give a world-wide honour to books and authors on this date, cheering everyone, specifically young people, to find out the happiness of reading and achieve a transformed admiration for the unique contributions of those who have furthered the communal and cultural development of humankind. By commemorating this Day all through the world,UNESCO aims to promote reading, publishing and the protection of intellectual property by the means of copyright.

Ljubljana will be World Book Capital City in the period between the World Book and Copyright Day 2010 and the World Book and Copyright Day 2011.

World Book and Copyright day 2010 History

The proposal for this festivity started off in Catalonia where on 23 April, Saint George’s Day, a rose is usually given as a gift for every book sold. The 23rd April was celebrated as a way of respect the author Miguel deCervantes  who died on that day. This turned out to be a part of the merriment of the Saint George’s Day in the region, where it has been customary since the medieval epoch for men to give roses to their lovers and since 1925 for the woman to give a book in replace. About half of the yearly sales of books will be at this time in Catalonia with over 400,000 sold and exchanged for over 4 million roses.

In 1995, UNESCO resolute that the World Book and Copyright Day would be observed on this date due to the Catalonian festival and since the date is also the anniversary of the birth and death of William Shakespeare, the death of Miguel deCervantes, Inca Garcilaso de la Vega and Josep Pla, the birth of Maurice Druon, Vladimir Nabokov, Manuel Mejía Vallejo and Halldór Laxness.

Even though 23 April is often avowed as the anniversary of the deaths of both Shakespeare and Cervantes, this is not fitting. Cervantes died on 23 April as per the Gregorian calendar; on the other hand, at that instance England still used the Julian calendar. At the same time Shakespeare died on 23 April by the Julian calendar in use in his own nation at the time, in fact he died ten days after Cervantes, because of the inconsistency between the two date systems. The obvious correspondence of the two dates was a lucky accident forUNESCO.

Rationale Behind the Day

World Book and Copyright Day is an event to pay a universal mark of respect to books and authors and to persuading people to find out the enjoyment of reading. It is expected that this will show the way to the transformed respect for those who have made unique contributions to social and educational advancements. In some years, theUNESCO Prize for Children’s and Young People’s Literature in the Service of Tolerance is granted. This is a prize for novels, collections of short stories or picture books that encourage broadmindedness, harmony, mutual understanding and high opinion for other peoples and cultures. There are two types: one for books targeting at children aged up to 12 years; and one for those targeting at young people aged 13 to 18 years.

It is also hoped that World Book and Copyright Day will add to people’s perceptive of and obedience to copyright rules and other methods to defend intellectual copyright.

The success of the World Book and Copyright Day will depend primarily on the support of authors, publishers, teachers, librarians, public and private institutions, humanitarian NGOs and the mass media who have been mobilized in each country byUNESCO National Commissions, UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Associations, Associated Schools and Libraries, and by all those who feel motivated to work together in this world celebration ofbooks and authors.

World Book and Copyright day 2010 Events and Activities

A variety of events to uphold reading and the educational features of books are held all over the world. A lot of of these highlight global collaboration or friendships between countries. Proceedings include: relay readings of books and plays; the circulation of bookmarks; the declaration of the winners of literary contests and actions to encourage the knowledge of laws on copyright and the guarding of authors’intellectual property.


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Earth Day April 22, 2010

Why is it important to celebrate Earth Day?

Ans:- Earth Day raises an awareness to save the Earth. Especially in times of global warming, we should celebrate Earth Day to remind us to conserve natural resources for future use. Earth supports life, and we should be happy about it.

History of Earth Day

Earth Day — April 22 — each year marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970.

Among other things, 1970 in the United States brought with it the Kent State shootings, the advent of fiber optics, “Bridge Over Troubled Water,” Apollo 13, the Beatles’ last album, the death of Jimi Hendrix, the birth of Mariah Carey, and the meltdown of fuel rods in the Savannah River nuclear plant near Aiken, South Carolina — an incident not acknowledged for 18 years.

History of Earth Day

Participant in Earth Day, 1970.
Photo: EPA History Office

It was into such a world that the very first Earth Day was born.

Earth Day founder Gaylord Nelson, then a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, proposed the first nationwide environmental protest “to shake up the political establishment and force this issue onto the national agenda. ” “It was a gamble,” he recalls, “but it worked.”

At the time, Americans were slurping leaded gas through massive V8 sedans. Industry belched out smoke and sludge with little fear of legal consequences or bad press. Air pollution was commonly accepted as the smell of prosperity. Environment was a word that appeared more often in spelling bees than on the evening news.

Earth Day 1970 turned that all around.

On April 22, 20 million Americans took to the streets, parks, and auditoriums to demonstrate for a healthy, sustainable environment. Denis Hayes, the national coordinator, and his youthful staff organized massive coast-to-coast rallies. Thousands of colleges and universities organized protests against the deterioration of the environment. Groups that had been fighting against oil spills, polluting factories and power plants, raw sewage, toxic dumps, pesticides, freeways, the loss of wilderness, and the extinction of wildlife suddenly realized they shared common values.

Denis Hayes – Honorary Chair, Earth Day Network

History of Earth DayEarth Day 1970 achieved a rare political alignment, enlisting support from Republicans and Democrats, rich and poor, city slickers and farmers, tycoons and labor leaders. The first Earth Day led to the creation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the passage of the Clean Air, Clean Water, and Endangered Species acts.

Sen. Nelson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom — the highest honor given to civilians in the United States — for his role as Earth Day founder.

As 1990 approached, a group of environmental leaders asked Denis Hayes to organize another big campaign. This time, Earth Day went global, mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting the status of environmental issues on to the world stage. Earth Day 1990 gave a huge boost to recycling efforts worldwide and helped pave the way for the 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.

As the millennium approached, Hayes agreed to spearhead another campaign, this time focused on global warming and a push for clean energy. Earth Day 2000 combined the big-picture feistiness of the first Earth Day with the international grassroots activism of Earth Day 1990. For 2000, Earth Day had the Internet to help link activists around the world. By the time April 22 rolled around, 5,000 environmental groups around the world were on board, reaching out to hundreds of millions of people in a record 184 countries. Events varied: A talking drum chain traveled from village to village in Gabon, Africa, for example, while hundreds of thousands of people gathered on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., USA.

EPA Administrator William K. Reilly with former Senator Gaylord Nelson, Earth Day 1990. Photo: EPA History Office

EPA Administrator William K. Reilly with former Senator Gaylord Nelson, Earth Day 1990. Photo: EPA History Office

Earth Day 2000 sent the message loud and clear that citizens the world ’round wanted quick and decisive action on clean energy.

Now, the fight for a clean environment continues. We invite you to be a part of this history and a part of Earth Day. Discover energy you didn’t even know you had. Feel it rumble through the grass roots under your feet and the technology at your fingertips. Channel it into building a clean, healthy, diverse world for generations to come.

40th Anniversary of Earth Day
April 22, 2010

Forty years after the first Earth Day, the world is in greater peril than ever. While climate change is the greatest challenge of our time, it also presents the greatest opportunity – an unprecedented opportunity to build a healthy, prosperous, clean energy economy now and for the future.

Earth Day 2010 can be a turning point to advance climate policy, energy efficiency, renewable energy and green jobs. Earth Day Network is galvanizing millions who make personal commitments to sustainability. Earth Day 2010 is a pivotal opportunity for individuals, corporations and governments to join together and create a global green economy. Join the more than one billion people in 190 countries that are taking action for Earth Day.

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World Health Day 2010

World Health Day is celebrated every year on 7 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO).

In 1948, the World Health Organization held the First World Health Assembly. The Assembly decided to celebrate 7 April of each year, with effect from 1950, as the World Health Day. The World Health Day is celebrated to create “awareness of a specific health theme to highlight a priority area of concern for the World Health Organization (WHO)”. Activities – related to that particular theme and the resources provided – continue beyond 7 April, that is, the designated day for celebrating the World Health Day.

World Health Day – 7 April 2010

Be part of a global movement to make cities healthier

People cycle at the city centre in Brussels, Belgium on a car-free street day.

Sigfus Sigmundsson
People cycle at the city centre in Brussels, Belgium on a car-free street day.

World Health Day 2010 will focus on urbanization and health. With the campaign “1000 cities – 1000 lives”, events will be organized worldwide calling on cities to open up streets for health activities. Stories of urban health champions will be gathered to illustrate what people are doing to improve health in their cities.

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47th National Maritime Week : 2010

April 5 of every year is celebrated as National Maritime Day in India.
  • This commemorates the voyage of the first Indian Ship “S.S. Loyalty” from Mumbai to London on 5 April 1919.
  • The celebrations continue for one week and this is known as National Maritime Week.
  • National Welfare Board for Seafarers recommended at its Third Meeting held at Madras on 11th January, 1964 that the 5th April every year be celebrated as the National Maritime Day.
  • 2010 marks the 47th National Maritime Week.

National Welfare Board for Seafarers

  • National Welfare Board for Seafarers is a statutory body constituted under the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958, under the Chairmanship of the Union Minister of Transport, Govt. of India.


  • Seafaring is also known as Seamanship. It involves various topics and development of specialised skills in the art of operating a ship or boat such as navigation and international maritime law, weather forecasting and meteorology, watch standing, ship handling, deck operations, communications, handling dangerous cargo and fire fighting an much more.
  • International Maritime Organisation (IMO) (Established 1959, Hq. London, Current head:Efthimios E. Mitropoulos) has declared 2010 as the “Year of the Seafarer”.
  • In tune with this , the theme of the 47th National Maritime Week is “Seafaring – A Career of Opportunities”.
  • National maritime day celebrations are held at all major ports viz. Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Goa, Visakhapatnam and Cochin and certain other ports like Kandla, Jamnagar, Paradip, Mangalore, Tuticorin, Karwar, etc.
  • It includes laying of wreath at Seamen’s Memorials and pay tributes homage to seamen who laid down their lives while on high seas in 1st and 2nd world wars.
  • On Merchant Navy Flag Day at New Delhi 1st Merchant Navy Flag is pinned on the wearing apparel of the Prime Minister of India by the Minister for Shipping.
  • This practice has been prevalent from 2002 onwards. At the State level on Merchant Navy Flag Day the first Miniature Merchant Navy Flag is pinned on the wearing apparel of the Governor of Maharashtra by the Director General of Shipping in Mumbai.

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National Science Day celebrated with fervor in the capital

National Science Day celebrated with fervor in the capital
New Delhi: Prithviraj Chavan, Minister of state for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences felicitated the award winners at a function organized in connection with National Science Day in Technology Bhawan here yesterday.Along with each award, a memento and a citation was presented.

Earlier the National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC), department of Science and Technology, govt. of India announced its annual national awards for Science & Technology communication for the year 2009 to recognize the outstanding work done in past five years by individual science communicators.

National award of Rs.1,00,000 for outstanding efforts in Science & Technology communication through books and magazines has been given to Dr. D.D. Ozha, Jodhpur (Rajasthan) for writing 23 books on energy, nanotechnology, water, Mars, Science and Vedas, environment, Moon, Sun, Earth, oceans, insects, biotechnology, soil etc, besides several popular science articles.

A similar award has been conferred upon N. Ramadurai, Chennai (Tamil Nadu) for his outstanding contribution as an author of popular science books in Tamil, namely Seyarkaikol (Satellites), Bhoomi (Earth), Kedal (Oceans), Sevvai (Mars) and Suriyan (Sun), besides a series of articles on ‘Anu Sakthi’ and a daily column ‘Theriyumman’ in popular newspapers.

National award of Rs.1,00,000 for outstanding effort in popularization of Science among children has been given to Takhellambam Robindro Singh, Thoubal (Manipur) for his contributions as guide teacher in National Children’s Science Congress and mentoring students for making science models.

The same award for exceptional effort in Science and Technology Communication in print medium has been given to Dinesh Chandra Sharma, Rampur (Uttar Pradesh) for his popular science columns on the occasions of year of Scientific Awareness-2004 and Understanding Planet Earth-2009 including contributions in well known science magazines and newspapers.

National award of Rs.1,00,000 in Science and Technology Communication in electronic medium has been given to Dr. Manas Pratim Das, 24 Paraganas (West Bengal) for his outstanding contribution as an anchor and quizmaster, hosting talk shows on FM radio, making a series of radio plays and a documentary besides producing popular programmes like Lanthan Theke Laser and Mahakashe Bharat in Bengali.

The Kalinga Chair for the year 2009 was awarded to Prof. Yash Pal, Chancellor, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi and Prof. Trinh X. Thuan, Department of Astronomy, USA on this occasion for their invaluable contributions in communicating science to people, who have jointly won the International UNESCO Kalinga Prizefor Science Popularization for the year 2009.

Government of India recognizes the efforts by conferring the Kalinga Chair on the UNESCO Kalinga prize winners, who are invited to deliver lectures on science communication to various target groups for a period of two to four weeks as a guest of the government of India. The chair comprises of a token amount of US $5000.

Dr. T. Ramasami, Secretary, Dept. of Science & Technology, govt. of India presided over the function.

Dr. Kamal Kant Dwivedi, Adviser & Head, NCSTC told that various science communication activities, such as science exhibitions, quiz competitions and science activity camps are being organized in various parts of the country to mark the National Science Day and spreading scientific awareness at grass root level.

The focal theme for this year’s National Science Day is ‘Gender Equity for Prosperity with Peace.’

National Science Day

In an effort to popularise the benefits of scientific knowledge and pratical appropriation, 28th February is celebrated as National Science Day (NSD). Under the initiative of Rashtriya Vigyan Evam Prodoyogiki Sanchar Parishad (RVPSP) (National Council for Science & Technology Communication)of the Ministry of Science and Technology various programmes ranging from a day to a full month either beginning or culminating on February 28 are implemented. The activities include debates, quiz competitions, exhibitions, lectures, etc., involving college and school students and teachers. All programmes and activities revolve round a theme selected for focus every year. The theme for the 21st National Science Day 2007 is “More Crop Per Drop”.


The Day is observed to mark the novel discovery of Raman Effect by the great Indian Physicist Sir C. V. Raman on 28th February, 1928. Raman Effect is a phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist while working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of science, Kolkata. After two years of this discovery, Sir C. V. Raman brought the first Nobel Award for the country in 1930. Hence the National Science Day is a great day for Indian Science and scientific community.

Besides, National Science Day offers an opportunity to bring issues of science on to centre stage. The activities organized on the occasion provide public with an occasion to personally attend various programmes and be aware of the emerging issues of immediate concern. Organizing activities with the involvement of large number of people results into purposeful interaction between the science fraternity and the common people for mutual benefit.

Basic objectives:

The basic objective of observation of National Science Day is to spread the message of importance of science and its application among the people. This is essential to accelerate the pace of development. Even in the 21st century and despite many significant achievements certain sections of our society are still guided by blind faith and beliefs, which is reflected in the quality of decision making on developmental issues.

Observation of NSD attempts at generating scientific minded citizens. Science has contributed a great deal to human welfare. Through the gospel of reason and experimental observation, by which it works, it has enabled man to acquire intellectual and mental excellence. From the materialistic point of view, ranging from environmental issues, disease eradication, space exploration, energy production, information highway to name a few, science and technology has broken barriers to bring peace and prosperity with a cleaner environment with sustainable use of resource for the benefit of mankind. Biotechnology is making a major impact on agriculture, health, environment, industry and pharmaceuticals. Communication at lower costs, with greater accessibility, is another product of technology.

It helps inculcate scientific temper among school children. Health and hygiene issues are prime concerns for the common people. The daily application of science like the use of clean drinking water, knowledge to eradicate contagious disease, the know how of various agricultural practices to increase crop production, the usefulness of biodiversity conservation, etc., should be disseminated to the future generation.

Building of science communicators is another component of the NSD celebrations.

Modus operation:

All the NSD activities are planned around a theme suggested by RVPSP. Some of the recent themes are as follows:

2000: Recreating Interest in Basic Science

2001: Information Technology for Science Education

2002: Wealth from Waste

2003: 50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The blue print of Life

2004: Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community

2005: Celebrating Physics

2006: Nurture Nature for our future

2007: More Crop Per Drop

The Theme’s focus is on efforts to build a eco-water-literate society that values water. It advocates the Optimum use of water in all aspects of human activity and water conservation by all means. It is expected to make common man understand and appreciate the value and importance of water. The awareness thus created will encourage judicious and optimum use of the liquid cautioning the dangers ahead arising out of diminishing water level and paucity of the life sustaining resource.

Source : Press Information Bureau

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World AIds Day


World Aid's Day ... Tuesday December 1

World Aid’s Day … Tuesday December 1

Started on 1st December 1988, World AIDS Day is about raising money, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education. The World AIDS Day theme for 2009 is ‘Universal Access and Human Rights’. World AIDS Day is important in reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that there are many things still to be done.

According to UNAIDS estimates, there are now 33.4 million people living with HIV, including 2.1 million children. During 2008 some 2.7 million people became newly infected with the virus and an estimated 2 million people died from AIDS.1 Around half of all people who become infected with HIV do so before they are 25 and are killed by AIDS before they are 35.2

The vast majority of people with HIV and AIDS live in lower- and middle-income countries. But HIV today is a threat to men, women and children on all continents around the world.

World AIDS Day theme: Universal Access and Human Rights

The theme for World AIDS Day 2009 is ‘Universal Access and Human Rights’. Global leaders have pledged to work towards universal access to HIV and AIDS treatment, prevention and care, recognising these as fundamental human rights. Valuable progress has been made in increasing access to HIV and AIDS services, yet greater commitment is needed around the world if the goal of universal access is to be achieved. Millions of people continue to be infected with HIV every year. In low- and middle-income countries, less than half of those in need of antiretroviral therapy are receiving it, and too many do not have access to adequate care services.3

The protection of human rights is fundamental to combating the global HIV and AIDS epidemic. Violations against human rights fuel the spread of HIV, putting marginalised groups, such as injecting drug users and sex workers, at a higher risk of HIV infection. By promoting individual human rights, new infections can be prevented and people who have HIV can live free from discrimination.

World AIDS Day provides an opportunity for all of us – individuals, communities and political leaders – to take action and ensure that human rights are protected and global targets for HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care are met.

What can I do? – Play AVERT’s games

Think you know your stuff for World AIDS Day? Are you sure?

The AVERT AIDS Game is a great way to see how much you know about HIV and AIDS. We also have fun games to test your knowledge on sex, pregnancy and condoms. To succeed you’ll need skill, quick thinking and a good grasp of the facts. The more you play, the more you will learn. You can then use this knowledge to educate your friends and family.

If you’re lucky, you might even make it onto the HI-scores table. Why not send the link to some friends and compete to see who can do best?

Play the AVERT games now and see how much you know.

The avert.org website is packed with resources for learning about HIV and AIDS. As starting points, try our sections on HIV transmission, statistics and AIDS around the world.

What can I do? – Raise money for AVERT

Assessing the circumstances of an AIDS orphan in rural KwaZulu NatalAssessing the needs of an AIDS orphan in South Africa

AVERT has AIDS projects in the parts of the world most severely affected by HIV and AIDS. Many of the people affected by HIV/AIDS in these areas are also dealing with other challenges such as extreme poverty, stigma and lack of healthcare. Our work tackles a range of issues such as education, treatment and care. The projects also aim to help the children orphaned or otherwise affected by HIV and AIDS.

There are LOADS of different ways you can support our projects by fundraising for AVERT. Here are just a few ideas:

  • Sponsored events – Walking, running, sponsored silence, reading or, if you fancy something more high octane, how about a sky dive or a bungee jump?
  • Organise an event – Office fun day, jumble sale, cake sale, coffee morning, football tournament, concert, poetry night or dance.
  • Other ideas – Kick a bad habit (e.g. smoking), give up something you love for a month (e.g. TV, chocolate or alcohol!), shave your head, organise a car wash, pub quiz, or auction of people’s time and skills.

These are just a few suggestions but you can let your imagination run wild to think of other ideas!

To read more information on raising money for AVERT, find sponsorship forms or make a donation, please go to our fundraising page. You can also see how your money will help by looking at our international projects page.

What can I do? – Wear a red ribbon and raise awareness

A red AIDS awareness ribbon

The red ribbon is an international symbol of AIDS awareness that is worn by people all year round and particularly around World AIDS Day to demonstrate care and concern about HIV and AIDS, and to remind others of the need for their support and commitment.

The red ribbon started as a “grass roots” effort; as a result there is no one official AIDS ribbon manufacturer, and many people make their own. It’s easily done – just use some ordinary red ribbon and a safety pin!

If you want to take your awareness raising a step further then try finding a local event to take part in. Around the world there are hundreds of activities taking place to mark World AIDS Day, including candlelight vigils, art shows, marches and religious services. If you can’t find anything in your area then why not organise an event yourself?

To learn more about what is happening around the world, or to list any events that you may be holding locally this World AIDS Day, please visit the WAC’s events calendar.

What is HIV?

HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system – the body’s defence against diseases.

Are HIV and AIDS the same?

No. When someone is described as living with HIV, they have the HIV virus in their body. A person is considered to have developed AIDS when the immune system is so weak it can no longer fight off a range of diseases with which it would normally cope.

How is HIV passed on?

HIV can be passed on through infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids or breast milk.

The most common ways HIV is passed on are:

  • Sex without a condom with someone living with HIV
  • Sharing infected needles, syringes or other injecting drug equipment
  • From an HIV-positive mother (to her child) during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding (but with effective treatment and care the risk of transmission can be greatly reduced)

I don’t know anyone with HIV… do I?

Today there are more people than ever before living with HIV in the UK, but less people report knowing someone with HIV.  People with HIV generally look healthy and many do not find it easy to tell other people, so you may not realise if someone you know if HIV positive.  To learn more about the different groups of people affected by HIV view the statistics.

Is there a cure for HIV?

No, but treatment can keep the virus under control and the immune system healthy. People on HIV treatment can live a healthy, active life, although they may experience side effects from the treatment. If HIV is diagnosed late, treatment may be less effective.

How can I protect myself and others from HIV infection?

Always use a condom when having vaginal or anal sex. You also may want to use a condom or dental dam during oral sex although the risk of transmission of HIV is much lower. You can get free condoms from a sexual health clinic, which you can locate at via the fpa website. Never share needles, syringes or any other injecting equipment.

What’s it like living with HIV?

To read and hear stories from people living with HIV in the UK. Visit HIV Reality

There are lots more facts about HIV on the NAT website.

HIV: The facts

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It attacks the body’s immune system, lowering someone’s natural defences to illness.

The virus is transmitted through unprotected sex or sharing needles. It cannot be caught by kissing or sharing a glass or knife and fork.

Three symptoms occurring together – fever, rash and a severe sore throat – should always be considered a potential symptom of HIV infection.

HIV can lead to Aids (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). This more serious illness cripples the immune system.

But if someone with HIV is diagnosed early and starts treatment, they will not go on to develop Aids.

Thirty million people are infected with HIV across the globe.

For more information go to nat.org.uk or worldaidsday.org, or call the Sexual Health Helpline on 0800 567 123 (free from landlines).

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Global threat: Antibiotic-proof bacteria

Global threat: Antibiotic-proof bacteria

AFP 20 November 2009, 12:01am IST

STOCKHOLM: Resistance to antibiotics is increasing in Europe and throughout the world because of their excessive use, a deadly and costly curse

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according to health experts meeting in Stockholm.

Experts at the 2nd annual European antibiotics awareness day held by the Stockholm-based European Centre for Diseases Prevention and Control (ECDC) said new, hyper-resistant bacteria were emerging, threatening the pillars of global health.

“Some bacteria are becoming resistant to all treatments, forcing us to use older, toxic antibiotics or combinations of drugs that we are only familiar with on paper,” Dominique Monnet, a ECDC specialist on the issue said.

The ECDC stressed the situation is particularly worrisome in southern and eastern Europe where antibiotics consumption is higher than elsewhere. “We are getting closer to the wall and we are not far from it,” Monnet said.

A survey he performed with a colleague on about 100 European intensive care physicians showed that more than half of them had treated, in the last six months, at least one patient infected with a bacterium totally or almost totally resistant to antibiotics.

“Without effective antibiotics, modern medical treatments such as operations, transplants and intensive care will become impossible,” stressed ECDC’s director, Zsuzsanna Jakab.

“The pillars of our system based on antibiotics are crumbling,” Otto Cars, a professor at Uppsala University and Swedish expert on the matter said.

The ECDC estimated at 25,000 the number of deaths annually in the European Union caused by bacteria resistant to antibiotics, more than half the number of deaths caused by car accidents.

Hyper-resistant bacteria also cost Europe 1.5 billion euros a year, 930 million of which are paid by hospitals. In Europe, Mediterranean and eastern European countries are the most affected. And the continent is not the only one affected by the scourge.

The bacteria kill tens of thousands of patients in the US, according to official figures. Experts suspect the situation could be even worse in poor countries, where antibiotics circulate more freely and are often available without a prescription.

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Chacha Nehru’s Life

Nehru’s life

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November, 1889 to Motilal Nehru and his wife Swaroop Rani. From the beginning he was an exceptional child and brilliant child. After the early education his father sent him foreign to pursue higher education.

Nehru completed his higher education in England at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge University. He completed his M.A. from Cambridge University, England. After his returned to India, Nehru practiced law before joining into politics.

After quitting the legal profession, he joined the Congress and Gandhiji in the Freedom Struggle of India. He was an extremely outspoken, honest, practical and courageous politician. And when India gained its independence, he was unanimously selected by the Congress to lead the country as first Prime Minister of the independent India.

Children's Day
Pt. Nehru was not only a great leader, statesman but also a great philosopher and think-tact of all time. He perfectly blended the western scientific thinking with eastern philosophical values.

He was also a great poet and writer of his own. His famous works are ‘Glimpses of World History’ and ‘Discovery of India’.

His letters to his daughter, Indira Priyadarshini from the jail reflects his philosophical outlook, and his compassion to children.

He was fondly referred as Chacha Nehru by the children. He was also fond of both children and roses.

He started to wear a rose on his jacket after a child pinned one rose on his jacket. He often stated that children were like the flowers in a garden and they should be carefully nurtured. He said the children’s are the future and foundation of a nation. Every one should keep a careful eye for their development and upheaval.

For him children’s were little adults in the making. Nehru’s empathy toward children is well-known, he once said, “Our one goal, our bounden duty, is to gift the future of India – our children – a country filled with peace and tranquility.”

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PM addresses National Education Day celebrations

New Delhi: Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh addressed the National Education Day celebrations to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Union Education Minister, in New Delhi today.

Remembering the minister today, the PM conferred upon in his speech about the laurels Azad brought to the country by laying down the foundation of its educational policy and planning.

Maulana Azad created the University Grants Commission (UGC), the National Academies – the Sangeet Natak Akademy, Sahitya Akademy, Lalit Kala Akademy, and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, strengthened the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and oversaw the establishment of a chain of top class technical institutions that now represent the best in the Indian Education System.

It was under his distinguished leadership that the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (IIT-K) was established in 1951, which was followed by a chain of IITs at Mumbai, Chennai, Kanpur and Delhi.

Dr. Manmohan Singh enumerated the importance of the National Education Day by referring it as, “A befitting homage to one of our greatest leaders.”

He highlighted the importance of education in building India as a modern, knowledge society he said that, “Education has received the highest priority from the Central Government in the last 5 years or so. Our commitment to this important area of national endeavour has seen the strengthening and expansion of theeducation system at all levels �” primary, secondary, higher, professional and technical education.”

Discussing the initiatives taken by the government, he mentioned about his flagship programme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and now leading on to the secondary level he said, “The objective of the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is to achieve an enrolment ratio of 75% for classes IX-X within five years and to provide universal secondary education by the year 2017.

“The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 creates a legal entitlement for compulsory and free education for all our children between the ages of 6 and 14 years. We have also launched a new literacy initiative, Saakhshar Bharat, on the International Literacy Day on 8th September, 2009”, he added.

The higher education in India has seen the outlay increased by 10 times in the Eleventh Five Year Plan as compared to the Tenth Five Year Plan.

A number of new institutions – Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), Indian Institutes for Science Education & Research (IISERs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and others have changed the way education has been perceived.

A National Mission on Education through ICT was launched in February 2009 with an outlay of about Rs.5000 crore that now provides internet connectivity to about 20,000 colleges and educationalinstitutions and is further expected be a major harbinger of use of modern technology in the field of education.

The PM invited the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to share with them the e-learning material prepared under this technical mission by the IITs.

“The government commits to provide good and quality education to each child in our country, especially those who belong to the underprivileged sections of our society”. The PM in this regard said that, “It is with this end in view that we have started a number of scholarship schemes for those who cannot afford to study on their own – the SCs/STs/Minorities and other such disadvantaged groups. We especially recognize the importance of educating women and they are being given special attention in the Saakshar Bharat mission.”

Today, improvement in quality of education at all levels is also receiving increasing emphasis. In higher education this will be achieved through structural reforms on the basis of the recommendations ofthe National Knowledge Commission (NKC) and the Yashpal Committee.

UNESCO in its Oslo Declaration 2008 relating to Education for All, has projected a requirement of 18 million new primary teachers throughout the world in the next seven years to achieve universal primary education at the global level.
In India too, there is a need of an extra 1 million teachers to implement the Right to Education Act. For this purpose, apart from the need of augmenting teacher’s training institutes and use of ICT for mass learning, Manmohan Singh felt that it is necessary to restore the prestige and status of the teaching profession in our society.

“We must find ways of attracting the best talent as faculty in our premier institutions. We today face difficulty in finding top level professors and lecturers in the newly created IITs, IISERs and other such institutions. This state of affairs cannot be allowed to persist and I urge all of you to work to address these problems of deficiency in the quality of teaching in our schools, in our colleges, and in our universities,” added the PM.

Filed under: Educational News, Important Days,

Children’s Day: Celebrate! The day is yours

Celebrate! The day is yours


Did you know every country has a Children’s Day? Though the dates may differ it is still a celebration —a day for kids to enjoy themselves, but also one to think of kids not as lucky as themselves.



“Children are the World’s most valuable resources and its best hope for the future” –

John F. Kennedy

The child must know that he is a miracle, that since the beginning of the world there hasn’t been, and until the end of the world there will not be, another child like him.”

Pablo Casals



Chacha Nehru’s return gift on his birthday was that the day be made a reason to celebrate children as they will take on the nation tomorrow. And this is why year after year we celebrate his birthday as Children’s Day. But what’s even more interesting is that each country has a day dedicated to celebrate the spirit of children and recognise their talent.

The International Children’s Day which initially began in Turkey in 1920 was later adopted by Geneva during the world conference held in 1925. No one really knows why June 1 was chosen as the International Children’s Day but the theories are many. One of them is that it coincided with the orphans in China celebrating the Dragon Boat Festival, and hence the day remained.

The Universal Children’s Day is on November 20. The U.N. asked all countries to introduce a day to promote childhood.

Across the world


The People’s Republic of China celebrates Children’s Day on June 1. The Government encourages children to take part in activities as a mark of loyalty.

In Japan, the National Children’s Day is known as Kodomo no Hi. It is celebrated on May 5. Families make Kashiwamochi (rice cakes filled with red beans and wrapped with oak leaves) and Chimaki (rice cakes wrapped with bamboo leaves). Families also hang Shobu (irises) since irises were believed to repel evil spirits.

Australians celebrate Children’s Day on the first Sunday of July. Annual cultural activities are held to provide funding to all the disadvantaged children throughout Australia through the sale of ‘Happy Children’s Day’ cards.

In Dubai, Children’s Day is mostly celebrated in schools, or by the Indian consulate in partnership with a school — like the Indian High School.

In Mexico, children go to school, to attend a fiesta held by the school and at the end of which they are given a gift. In the afternoon, a parade is held for the children. Floats are also part of the parade. At the end of the parade, prizes are awarded to the best float and best costume.

In Singapore, it’s October 1 and it’s a holiday for kids and every school celebrates it in a different way. There are celebrations like fairs, little treats for children and programmes for the family.

Before its unification, Germany, had two days on which Children’s Day would be celebrated. In East Germany, it was known as “International Children’s Day” and in West Germany, it was called “World Children’s Day”. However, in West Germany, Children’s Day was mostly unknown to many .

In Pakistan, Children’s Day is celebrated on November 20. There are special programmes dedicated for children that are aired on TV and radio and special assemblies that happen in school along with some cultural programmes.

Carnival time



Thailand celebrates the second Saturday in January as Children’s Day. Many organisations — both governmental and commercial have various activities lined up for kids. They can visit zoos and use the buses for free. According to tradition, Thailand’s Prime Minister also needs to give a unique motto for children every year on this day. Children get to go to the government house; they sit in the seats of the Prime Minister and also in the conference room of the parliament. The Military has a show of military equipment, vehicle and aircraft for them.

In Argentina, El Día del Niño (Children’s Day) is celebrated on the second Sunday of August. Children receive gifts from their parents, and the community puts together events just for them.

In the U.K., Children’s Day is celebrated on August 30. And, there is a carnival for two days in London, called the Notting Hill Carnival. All school-going children perform and the carnival is extended to the next day, where Caribbean, Thai, Nigerian and Chinese food stalls are set up and there is a small parade.

Days across the globe


Thailand : The second

Saturday in January .

Hong Kong : April 4

Mexico : April 30

Japan : Known as Kodomo no

Hi it is celebrated on May 5.

Indonesia : July 23

Argentina : Known as El Día del

Niño is celebrated on the

second Sunday of August.

Singapore : October 1

Brazil : October 12

Canada : November 20

Pakistan : November 20.

Central Africa : December 25

Filed under: Important Days, ,

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, the apostle of peace and the Father of the Nation was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on the very day every year as the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, Father of India. In his autobiography My experiments with Truth Gandhi recalls that his childhood and teen age years were characterised by education in a local school, marriage to Kasturba at the age of 13 and an intrinsic love for ‘truth’ and ‘duty’.


At the age of the eighteen, he went to England to study law. In 1891, Gandhi returned to India and set up practice at Rajkot. In 1893, he received an offer from an Indian firm in South Africa.

With his two minor sons and Kasturba, he went to South Africa at the age of twenty-four. Colonial and racial discrimination showed its ugly colours in the famous train incident, when he was thrown off the compartment meant for the ‘Sahibs’. During his more than two decades of stay in South Africa, Gandhi protested against the discriminating treatment that was meted out to Indians. He protested against the Asiatic (Black) Act and the Transvaal Immigration Act and started his non-violent civil disobedience movement. A satyagrahis camp known as the Tolstoy Farm was established at Lawley, 21 miles from Johannesburg, on 30 May 1910, in order to shelter the satyagrahis and their families. The South African Government had to heed to the voice of reason and in 1914 repealed most of the obnoxious acts against the Indians. The weekly Indian Opinion (1903) became Gandhiji’s chief organ of education and propaganda.

Gandhiji returned to India in 1915. After an interrupted stay in Santiniketan in February-March, 1915, Gandhiji collected his companions of Phoenix and established the Satyagraha Ashram in Ahmedabad city. This was shifted in June 1917 to the banks of the Sabarmati. This Ashram became platform for carrying out his cherished social reforms prime among which were Harijan welfare rehabilitation of lepers and self-reliance through weaving Khadi.

Between 1917 and 1918 Gandhi participated in two peasant movements in Champaran (Bihar) and Kaira (Gujarat) and in the labour dispute in Ahmedabad itself. World War I ended on 11 November 1918; Gandhi protested against the Rowlatt Bills and founded the Satyagraha Sabha (28 February 1919). The end of the World war also saw the dismemberment of the Khilafat (Caliphate). This hurt the Indian Muslims deeply. Gandhi was approached for counsel; and in a meeting of the All India Khilafat Conference on 24 November 1919, he proposed that India should respond by non-violent non-cooperation.

For Gandhi ‘Non-violence’ and truth were two inalienable virtues. He summed up the entire philosophy of his life as: “The only virtue I want to claim is truth and non-violence. I lay no claim to super human powers: I want none”.

The year 1926 was declared by Gandhi to be his year of silence. His famous march to Dandi in March 1930 started a countrywide movement to violate the Salt-Law. Gandhi was arrested on 4 May 1930, and the Government struck hard to crush the movement, but failed. So Gandhi was set free on 26 January 1931; and following a pact between him and the British Viceroy, Lord Irwin (5 March 1931), he was prevailed upon to represent the Congress at the second Round Table Conference in London. Gandhi was completely disillusioned with the attitude of the British, which had renewed its policy of ruthless repression. As a result the Civil Disobedience Movement was resumed in January 1932.

Gandhi was in prison when the Communal Award was announced in August 1932, providing for the introduction of separate electorate for the Depressed Classes. He opposed this attempt to divide the Hindu community and threatened to fast unto death to prevent it. He started his fast on 20 September 1932. It created consternation in the country, but the situation was saved by the conclusion of the Poona Pact, which provided for special reservation of seats for the Depressed Classes in legislatures, but under joint electorate.

On 8 May 1933 he announced a fast for 21 days for the Harijan cause. After coming out of prison Gandhi devoted himself exclusively to the cause of the ‘Harijans’. The weekly Harijan now took the place of the Young India, which had served the national cause from 1919 to 1932. After 1934 Gandhi settled down in Sevagram near Wardha to form a new Centre for his enlarged Constructive Programme, which included Basic Education (1937), designed to bring about the universalisation of education.

In 1942, his ‘Quit India’ slogan was to serve as the final signal to British dominion in India. The partition of India and Pakistan came as a personal shock to Gandhi. When the nation was rejoicing independence (1947), Gandhi went to Naokhali to ameliorate the conditions of the communal riot victims. On 30 January 1948, Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi.

The man of the century had the courage of heart and spirit of the unafraid. His life and teaching reflect the values of this country and the values of humanity. He had been a beacon light to an army of freedom fighters who practised non-violence in world and deed.


Mahatma Gandhi was a simple man, with simple tastes and high values. Respecting that, even though Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday, the festivities are minimal.

A prayer meeting is held at Rajghat, Gandhi’s samadhi in New Delhi. To mark the respect that Gandhi had for all the religions and communities, representatives from different religions take part in it. Verses and prayers are read out from the holy books of all the religions. Gandhi’s favourite song, Raghupati Raghava, is invariably sung at all the meetings associated with him. Prayer meetings are held in various state capitals as well. Gandhi Jayanti is observed all over the country, both in government and non-government forums.

Filed under: Important Days, ,

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