|The history of sports in India dates back to the Vedic era. In ancient India Physical culture was fed by a powerful fire, religious rites. Some well-defined values were there like the mantra in the Atharva-Veda, saying, ” Duty is in my right hand and the fruits of victory in my left”. In terms of an ideal, these words hold the same sentiments as the traditional Olympic oath: “…….For the Honour of my Country and the Glory of Sport.” On ythe modern days, most commonly played sports in India include cricket, soccer, field hockey, lawn tennis, chess, basketball, volleyball, badminton etc. Although hockey is the official sport of India, in which India has an impressive record with eight Olympic gold medals, cricket has become much more popular.
India`s most popular sport by far is Cricket. The Cricket became popular gradually. Indians have however at the same time made a mark in the international sphere in games like tennis and billiards, which are played by a very humble percentage of the Indian population. Vishwanathan Anand, at the young age of 17, became an international chess grandmaster. A large number of pre-teen Indians, following Anand, have come forth with a lot of guarantee. The world amateur and the professional billiard championships, both are won by Geet Sethi. In the year 1990, Leander Paes became the third Indian Wimbledon junior champion. In the 1996 Olympics, Leander Paes won the bronze medal at the tennis singles competition. In the recently held Commonwealth Games at Manchester, UK, Indian has produced many new sports stars in shooting, weightlifting, athletics, and Women`s field hockey.
In India, Football game is conceived to be one of the most popular sports in India. Football is said to be ranked second in popularity, only behind cricket. Domestic footballs are more popular than domestic crickets. A crazyness with football games are the most common thing for the people of India. India has produced many prominent football player since independence. Some of them are:
Subhashish Roy Choudhury — The Hero of Mahindra United club, plays football in the defense position.
Sunil Chetri — The highest goal scorer among the Indians, plays in the forwarder position.
Mahesh Gawli -the winner of the `Best Defender` Award for a record 3 consecutive years.
Naduparambil Pappachen Pradeep — Pradeep is a player whose talents and skills according to critics can even excel former Indian captain I. M. Vijayan, if he is given proper guidance.
P. Renedy Singh – Player of JCT FC, has represented India in the international arena.
Syed Rahim Nabi — An outstanding footballer of East Bengal club, plays in the midfielder position.
Habibur Rehman Mondal — currently playing for Mohammedan sporting club, is a defender.
Debabrata Roy — striking football player, plays in defense position.
Deepak Kumar Mandal – This defender is the player from Mohun Bagan Sporting Club.
Climax Lawrence – an Indian midfielder footballer
Steven Dias — His fast-growing nature made him a front-runner for the Man of the Tournament award.
Krishnan Nair Ajayan — an Indian football player, presently playing for Mahindra United Sporting Club.
Mehraj Din Wadoo — presently engaged with the Mohun Bagan AC club.
Abhishek Yadav — an intellectually productive budding football player plays in the striker`s position.
class=”clsCrossLink” title=”Anthony Pereira”>Anthony Pereira — looked at as the suitable successor of I.M. Vijayan, Anthony Pereira is a towering football player.
Tarif Ahmed — an Indian footballer also the part of the Indian football team.
In India, during the british period Field Hockey became popular in India. The golden era of hockey in India was considered the period from 1928 to 1956. India won 6 consecutive gold medals during this period in the Olympic Games. Between this era India played 24 Olympic matches, winning all 24, scoring 178 goals and yielding only 7. In the year 1960, after 28 sequential victories in the Olympic Games at the Rome Olympics, India lost 0-1 to Pakistan in the final. However, India won gold medal in 1964 Tokyo Olympics. Despite anything to the contrary, another gold medal for India came only in the 1980 Moscow Olympics, and none thereafter so far.
Some of the noted Hockey players whom India has produced are:
Syed Ali – This eminent hockey player has twice represented India in the World Cup and the Asian Games.
Richard James Allen — an outstanding persona, played in three consecutive Olympics.
Saba Anjum Karim — the member of the Indian national women`s hockey team, represented India as a right wing forward player.
Ashok Kumar — son of the legendary hockey player Dhyan Chand and a promising hockey player
Aslam Sher Khan — represented India in the Olympics and is also the son of the former hockey player Ahmed Sher Khan.
Amit S. Bakshi — won a gold medal with the national team at the 1956 Summer Olympics.
Lazarus Barla — plays in the position called defender.
Vasudevan Baskaran — captain of the team that won for India Olympic Gold in hockey.
Gangotri Bhandari — national women field hockey player.
Raghbir Singh Bhola — famous Indian field gold medallist hockey player.
Dhyan Chand — `Wizard` of Indian hockey.
Sanggai Chanu — female field hockey player also named Young Player of the Tournament at the 2001 World Cup Qualifier.
Devesh Chauhan — India`s best goalkeeper, is also reckoned as a valuable quality to the Indian hockey team.
Bir Bhadur Chettri – Goldmedalist Indian Hockey player.
Rajendran Christie — an illustrious Indian hockey player represented India at 1964 Olympics.
Leslie Claudius — the first Indian hockey player to play in four consecutive Olympics.
Sameer Dad — an Indian field hockey forwarder also an officer of Indian Airlines.
Meldric Daluz — a renowned Indian hockey player won the gold medal in the Olympics.
Ali Iqtidar Shah Dara — plays both for India (before independence) and Pakistan (after independence).
Chinadorai Deshmutu — During his membership as goalkeeper, Indian national hockey team has won the gold medal at the Olympics.
Baljit Singh Dhillon — an Indian midfielder hockey player took part at the successive three Olympics.
Adrian D`Souza — Adrain`s goal is to represent India in Hockey team.
Darryl D`Souza — This ex-international, Darryl D`Souza is the coach of the Air-India team.
Walter D`Souza — an eminent Indian hockey player, with strong dedication to hockey.
Sylvanus Dung Dung — An experienced person successfully coached the Central Command team
Keshav Chandra Dutt — a famous Indian field hockey player participated in both the gold medal winner team for the year 1948 and 1952.
Lionel Charles R. Emmett – this far famed hockey player from india competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Lawrie Fernandes – gold medalist an illustrious Indian hockey player.
Merwyn Fernandes — renowend Indian hockey player, is also a three time Olympian.
Ranganathan Francis — three time Olympian
Gavin Ferreira — presently busy with the coaching of Indian team for the indoor asian games.
Sukhbir Singh Gill — considered as the significant contributor to the Indian State Chandigarh.
Gerry Glacken — Gerry Glacken is a Goldmedalist Indian hockey player.
William Goodsir-Cullen – this renowned Indian Filed hockey player was an Olympic gold medallist.
Arjun Halappa — `Player of the Final` title winner, also honored with the title of `Most Promising Player`.
Akhtar Hussain – he has played filed hockey for both India and Pakistan.
Other are Shankar Lakshman, Kishan Lal, Mohinder Lal, Raghbir Lal, O. P. Malhotra, Sommayya Maneypande, Helen Mary, Jude Menezes, Dinesh Nayak, Baboo Nimal, Vece Paes, Pargat Singh, Bandu Patil, Govind Perumal, John Peter, Joseph Phillips, Dhanraj Pillay, Vikram Pillay, Leo Pinto, Jaswant Rai, Muniswamy Rajgopal, Jaswant Singh Rajput, Amarjit Singh Rana, Viren Rasquinha, Latif-ur-Rehman, Mohammed Riaz, Reginald Rodrigues, Baljit Singh Saini, Allan Schofield, Shabab-ud-Din Shabban, Mohammed Shahid, Ali Shaukat, Adam Sinclair, Randhir Singh Gentle, Bakshish Singh, Balbir Singh Sr., Balkrishan Singh, Charanjit Singh, Darshan Singh, Davinder Singh, Dharam Singh, Gagan Ajit Singh, Grahanandan Singh, Gurbux Singh, Gurdev Singh, Gurmail Singh, Harbinder Singh, Hardayal Singh, Jagjit Singh, Jaipal Singh, Joginder Singh, K. D. Singh, Prabjoth Singh, Prithipal Singh, Rajinder Singh, Ramandeep Singh, Ravinder Pal Singh, Trilochan Singh, Udham Singh, Surinder Singh Sodhi, Varsha Soni, Prem Maya Sonir, Charles Stephen, Subodh Khandekar, Deepak Thakur, Dilip Tirkey, Ignace Tirkey, Tushar Khandekar, Thirumal Valavan, Maxie Vaz, Sayed